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Health Assessment 3
Terms in this set (46)
What part of the abdomen is palpable?
Solid on internal organs, help maintain shape of abdomen.
Which is the largest solid viscera?
RUQ, can palpate the lower edge of a thin person
solid mass of lymphatic tissue, part of the viscera. On posterolateral wall directly under diaphragm, under 10th rib left of MAL.
If liver is enlarged?
lower pole moves down towards midline.
Hollow Viscera. Below diaphragm, below liver and spleen
Hollow viscera. Under posterior surface of liver, at RCL
Hollow viscera. all four quadrants of belly.
Hollow Viscera. Sometimes palpable if full of feces.
Hollow Viscera. Right behind synthesis cubis, palpate if distended with urine.
Left of midline in upper abdomen. 2 cm below umbilicus it bifurcates into r/l illiac arteries then femoral arteries in groin.
Developmental in Infants
Liver is larger in proportion. Bladder is higher. Abdomen is protruberant
Developmental In Children
Under 4, abdomen is protuerant supine and standing. As they grow, muscles strengthen and goes down.
digestive enzyme of lactose. Necessary for digestion and absorption of lactose
Abdominal Pain, bloating, flatulance. 70-90% of adult blacks, NA & Med. groups
belly pulled in, anorexia
Belly button, usually pulled in.
Abdominal Decreased motility?
Inflammation, Gangrene and paralytic ileus
Abdominal decreased sounds?
Peritonitis, Electrolyte imbalance, surgical manipulation.
Increased Abdominal Sounds?
+ motility, borborygmus "stomach growling", Could be sound of early obstruction, diarrhea or increased use of laxatives
Normal not to hear. If hear bruit, over aorta, may suggest aneurysm
Why is palpation done last in abdominal check up?
palpating can increase abdominal sounds.
largest part of brain. 2 Hemispheres, each with four lobes.
Gray matter. Controls our conscious process
emotion expression, behavior and intellect. Influences personality and voluntary movement
In Frontal Lobe. Area for language.
Can understand but can't respond
Perceive and interpret sensory input. Perceives pain, temperature, touch, texture, proprioception.
Percieve and interpret visual stimuli and spacial relationships.
influences hearing, smell, taste, memory
In temporal lobe. Language comprehension. Nothing makes sense to them (receptive)
In temporal lobe. Emotional and sexual arousal.
Regulates involuntary aspects of movement, coordination, kinesthetics, posture and equilibrium
our ability to move in our environment
Regulates heart and Respiratory rate, BP, protective reflexes. Where nerves cross over
swallowing, vomiting, sneezing, coughing
31- 8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, 1 coccygeal. Ascending and descending fibers
objects in hand with eyes closes.
If can't identify objects of stereognosis test.
eyes shut, draw number on their hand.
finger in babies hand, will grasp it.
hold baby up, legs will act like walking
rub an infants cheek, they'll turn towards you.
Baby reflexes disappear?
by 3-4 months.
age related loss of muscle tone.
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