Create an account
Buildings, lands, animals, machinery, cars, stocks, bonds, businesses, furniture, jewelry, and bank accounts
The added up value of someone's property and subtract the person's debts; a person's net worth
Some jobs have been given higher prestige by people
1. They pay more 2. They require more education 3. They entail more abstract thought 4. They offer greater autonomy (independence, or self-direction); EX: physician has highest prestige and street sweeper has the lowest prestige
Position in a social group; Lenski analyzed that those who rank high in one dimension but lower on others want people to judge them on the basis of their highest status
Sociological Models of Social Class
Marx and Weber's models; Marx: 1. Capitalists 2. Workers 3. Inconsequential others
Erik Wright's modification of Marx's model of the social classes
1. Capitalists 2. Petty bourgeoisie 3. Managers 4. Workers
The U.S. Social Class ladder
Kahl and Gilbert; 1. Capitalist- Prestigious university, investors and heirs, $1 mil+, 1% of pop. 2. Upper Middle-College or university, often with postgraduate study, professionals and upper managers, $125k+, 15% of pop. 3. Lower Middle-High school or college, often apprenticeship, semiprofessionals and lower managers, craftspeople, foremen, $60k, 34% of pop. 4. Working-High school, factory workers, clerical workers, low-paid retail sales, and craftspeople, $36k, 30% of pop. 5. Working Poor-Some high school, laborers, service workers, low-paid salespeople, $19k, 16% of pop. 6. Underclass-Some high school, unemployed and part-time, on welfare, under $12k, 4% of pop.
Consequences of Social Class
1. Physical Health 2. Mental Health 3. Family Life 4. Education 5. Religion 6. Politics 7. Crime and Criminal Justice
As you go up the social class ladder, stress is less and it doesn't have a good effect on mental health
Social class affects choice of spouse, chances of getting divorced, and how we rear our children
Lower classes are attracted to more expressive worship services and louder music, while middle and upper classes prefer more "subdued" worship
People toward the bottom of the class structure are also less likely to be politically active-campaign for candidates or even to vote; Higher statuses are republicans and lower statuses are democrats
Three Types of Social Mobility
1. Intergeneration Mobility 2. Upward Social Mobility 3. Downward Social mobility
When grown children end up on a different rung of social class ladders than the one occupied by their parents
Refers to changes in society that allow large numbers of people to move up or down the class ladder
Large numbers of people move up and down the social class ladder, but on balance, the proportions of the social classes remain about the same
Who Are the Poor?
Those in the southern states are the poorest in America; rural poverty is higher than national poverty
25% of African Americans and Native Americans are poor, but 41% of the poor are white because there are more of these types of people
1 out of every 4 people who drop out of high school is poor, but only 3 out of 100 people who finish college end up in poverty
Feminization of Poverty
Women average only 72% of what men earn; high divorce rates cause single mother homes
Culture of Poverty
The values and behaviors of the poor "make them fundamentally different than other Americans, and that these factors are largely responsible for their continued long-term poverty"
Why Are People Poor?
1. Social Structure: Denying some people access to education or the learning of job skills 2. Characteristics of individuals are assumed to contribute to poverty: laziness, lack of intelligence
The government would transform welfare recipients into self-supporting and hard-working citizens--and reduce welfare costs; Welfare system was reconstructed because some were on welfare too long or weren't looking for jobs
Horatio Alger Myth
One of the country's most popular authors in the 1800's; Wrote rags-to-riches stories that Americans can relate to; Encourages people to compete for higher positions, or reach for the highest star
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together