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Ch. 24 and 25 APUSH Quiz Terms
Terms in this set (40)
the special session of Congress that Roosevelt called to launch his New Deal programs. The special session lasted about three months: 100 days.
Emergency Banking Act
gave the President power over the banking system and set up a system by which banks would be reorganized or reopened, starts Hundred Days
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
a federally sponsored corporation that insures accounts in national banks and other qualified institutions
Civilian Conservation Corps. It was Relief that provided work for young men 18-25 years old in food control, planting, flood work, etc.
Federal Emergency Relief Administration: combined cash relief to needy families with work relief
Agricultural Adjustment Administration: attempted to regulate agricultural production through farm subsidies; ruled unconstitutional in 1936; disbanded after World War II
(Home Owners' Loan Corporation) Relief and Recovery. Helped home-owners and mortgage companies. government payed companies for the home-owners so they could keep their homes and pay off w/ lower interest and longer time.
Share Our Wealth Program
Huey Long's economic program that would have eliminated poverty by giving every family a minimum income; the program also called for providing an old-age pension to elderly people.
Work Progress Administration: Massive work relief program funded projects ranging from construction to acting; disbanded by FDR during WWII
National Recovery Administration: established and adminstered a system of industrial codes to control production, prices, labor relations, and trade practices
A New York poultry business was found guilty of violating NRA code violations. The Court found the NIRA establishing these codes unconstitutional on the grounds that Congress had given Roosevelt legislative power by allowing the administration to draft the NRA codes.
Public Works Administration. Part of Roosevelts New Deal programs. Put people to work building or improving public buildings like schools, post offices,etc.
gave money to farmers that promised to cut back on production in exchange for government compensation
an independent federal agency that oversees the exchange of securities to protect investors
(Tennessee Valley Authority Act) Relief, Recover, and Reform. one of the most important acts that built a hyro-electric dam for a needed area.
Federal Housing Administration: expanded private home ownership among moderate-income families through federal guarantees of private mortgages, the reduction of down payments (from 30 to 10 percent), and the extension of payment form 20 to 30 years
Social Security Act
guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health
National Labor Act
A 1935 law, also known as the Wagner Act, that guarantees workers the right of collective bargaining sets down rules to protect unions and organizers, and created the National Labor Relations Board to regulate labor-managment relations.
National labor Relations Board: (established by Wagner Act) Greatly enhanced power of American labor by overseeing collective bargaining; continues to arbitrate labor-management disputes today
a federation of North American industrial unions that merged with the American Federation of Labor in 1955
Fair Labor Standards Act
1938 act which provided for a minimum wage and restricted shipments of goods produced with child labor
Soil Conservation Act
Allowed the government to pay farmers to reduce production so as to "conserve soil", prevent erosion, and accomplish other minor goals.
Indian Reorganization Act
Government legislation that allowed the Indians a form of self-government and thus willingly shrank the authority of the U.S. government. It provided the Indians direct ownership of their land, credit, a constitution, and a charter in which Indians could manage their own affairs.
the 32nd president of the United States. He was president from 1933 until his death in 1945 during both the Great Depression and World War II. He is the only president to have been elected 4 times, a feat no longer permissible due to the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution.
FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women
A New York social worker who headed the Federal Emergency Relief Administration and Civil Works Administration. He helped grant over 3 billion dollars to the states wages for work projects, and granted thousands of jobs for jobless Americans. p778
Catholic priest who used his popular radio program to criticize the New Deal; he grew increasingly anti-Roosevelt and anti-Semitic until the Catholic Church pulled him off the air.
As senator in 1932 of Washington preached his "Share Our Wealth" programs. It was a 100% tax on all annual incomes over $1 million and appropriation of all fortunes in excess of $5 million. With this money Long proposed to give every American family a comfortable income, etc
American physician and social reformer whose plan for a government-sponsored old-age pension was a precursor of the Social Security Act of 1935.
long-time labor leader who organized and led the first important unskilled workers labor union, called in to represent union during sit-down strike
The governor of Kansas, chosen candidate for the Republicans in the campaign of 1936. A moderate who accepted some New Deal Reforms, but not the Social Security Act. His loss to FDR was mainly because he never appealed to the "forgotten man". (792)
paying part of the cost and borrowing the rest from brokers
October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed. Lead to the Panic of 1929
The Federal Reserve lowers the discount rate, which is how much interest it charges the other banks, to try to save the banking system
In March 1931, nine black teenagers were taken off a freight train in Alabama and arrested for vagrancy and disorder. Two white women who had been riding the train claimed that they were abused even though there was no proof for it. However, all nine boys were convicted and eight of them were sentenced to death.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Congress set up $2 billion. It made loans to major economic institutions such as banks, insurance companies and railroads.
Group of WWI vets. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their goverment war bonuses in cash
shanty-towns that housed many who had lost everything. Shelters were built of old boxes and other discards.
the Secretary of the Treasury during the Harding Administration. He felt it was best to invest in tax-exempt securities rather than in factories that provided prosperous payrolls. He believed in trickle down economics. (Hamiltonian economics)
Republican candidate who assumed the presidency in March 1929 promising the American people prosperity and attempted to first deal with the Depression by trying to restore public faith in the community.