Night, chapter 5-9 questions
Terms in this set (69)
1. What literary device does Wiesel use to illustrate his disillusionment with God
Wiesel asks a series of rhetorical questions such as "Why should bless Him?" He expects no answers either from God, or from himself.
2. Wiesel's description of himself as "ashes" is an example of which figure of speech, what does the term suggest?
Wiesel employs this metaphor to compare himself to the weightless insignificance of Mashes. Additionally, the word "ashes' refers to the remains of something once whole or alive but now dead, burned, or consumed. Wiesel felt himself spiritually empty and his belief in God dead The comparison extends to the ashes of the millions of Jews burned in the crematoria
3. Wiesel's assertion that man (and thus Wiesel) himself is stronger than God is an example of what literary device
4. During Yom Kippur, what did the prisoners debate
The prisoners debated whether or not they should obey the religious observation of Yom Kippur and fast. The irony was that prisoners fasted all the time.
5. What "gift" did the Germans have for the prisoners for the New Year
There was to be a selection; the Gestapo selected weakened prisoners to be sent to the crematoria
6. The head of Elie's block gave some words of advice to the prisoners to improve their chances and avoid being selected. What did he say
He advised them to move about toget some color so they would appear healthier, they should run, not walk slowly; they should not look at the S.S., and they shouldnot be afraid.
7. When Elie's number was not written down for selection what joke did his friend make
His friend said he was running too fast for the S.S. to see it.
8. What did the head of the block tell everyone after the selection process was over
Why did he say this? Nothing was going to happen to anyone-even those whose numbers had been written down He tried to keep everyone calm for as long as possible.
9. Several days later though, some of the prisoners were told that they were not to report to work but would instead stay in camp. Who were these prisoners
They represented those whose numbers had been chosen at the selection and were required to stay behind
10. What was to become of these men
They were to go through a second selection.
11. What did Elie's father give to Elie, and what did Elie ironically call it
Elie got his father's knife and spoon-what Elie called his inheritance
12. What happened to Elie's father
He was able to prove he was still useful and, therefore, escaped the second selection
13. Why was Akiba Drumer chosen for selection according to Elie
Because Akiba had lost faith in God, he lost his reason for struggling and had already begun to die
14. What did Akiba Drumer ask of his fellow prisoners
Akiba asked the other prisoners to say the Kaddish, which is the prayer for the dead, three days after he was gone, in accordance with Jewish custom
15. Why do you suppose they never honored the request
Answers will vary. Example: The prisoners were so concerned about their own existence that one more death was not something they would remember.
16. When winter came to the camp, what happened to Elie
His foot became swollen because of the cold, and he was unable to walk. He went to the doctor to have it examined
17. What was the doctor's diagnosis
The doctor said that Elie would need an operation or else the toes, and perhaps the entire leg, would have to be amputated
18. Was the operation successful
Yes. The doctor only drained an infection on the sole of Elie's foot and did not have to do any amputation
19. Two days after Elie's operation, what rumor began circulating around the camp
The Red Army was advancing on Buna
20. Why was this good news for the prisoners
They hoped they would be liberated from the camp by the Russian Army.
21. The prisoners had heard similar rumors in the past. Why were they particularly hopeful this time
They heard guns in the distance.
22. Why did Elie's hospital neighbor refuse to be fooled
He felt that all the Jews would be annihilated before they would be freed.
23. What bad news did the prisoners receive that day
The prisoners heard the camp was to be evacuated to somewhere inside Germany.
24. What choice did Elie and his father have to make that day
What was their decision? Elie and his father had to decide whether to be evacuated with the others or stay in the camp's hospital. They elected to be evacuated with the others.
25. What became of those people who stayed behind in the hospital
After the war, Wiesel learned that they had been liberated by the Russians two days after the other prisoners were evacuated.
1. As the prisoners ran through the night, what orders were the S.S. guards under
The guards were required to shoot anyone who could not keep up.
2. "Death wrapped itself around me...it stuck to me" is an example of what literary device
(Pg. 82) Because something that is not human or alive, death, is given qualities of an animate object, the quote is an example of personification. Use of personification here helps Wiesel emphasize the insidiousness that death seemed to have.
3. Although Elie felt that he could have easily given up and died, why did he run on
He ran for his father's sake. "What would he do without me?" he asked.
4. Given the situation and their physical condition, what was remarkable about their night's journey
They covered forty-two miles in one day.
5. Some time later, Elie was awakened by his father. Why would he not let Elie sleep
He was afraid that if Elie really slept in the snow, he would never wake up
6. What agreement did Elie and his father reach
Elie and his father agreed that they would watch out for each other and not let the other fall asleep.
7. who was Rabbi Eliahou looking for
The Rabbi was trying to find his son who had been with him in the camps for three years.
8. Elie told the Rabbi that he had not seen his son, but later remembered that he had indeed seen the boy. What else did Elie remember about the Rabbi's son
The son had seen his father slowing down and falling to the rear of the column of prisoners, but the son continued to run. Elie realized that the Rabbi's son had wanted to get rid of his father
9. What did Elie do in response
He prayed for the strength never to abandon his own father. 10. The second night's march is different from the first in what ways? Discipline was not enforced, and the guards no longer shot the slower prisoners.
11. When the prisoners finally reached their destination of Gleiwitz, a new danger arose. What was it
The men were in danger of being crushed to death or smothered by the bodies of the dead, the dying, and the still living
12. Who was the boy underneath Elie
It was Juliek, a Polish boy who played the violin
13. Some time during the night, what did Elie hear
Someone, probably Juliek, was playing the violin
14. After three days, what happened
The prisoners were driven out of their barracks and marched to a railroad line to await the arrival of a train
15. How did some of the prisoners try to distance themselves from the grim reality oftheir existence
Some separated themselves through music, some with religion, and some by refusing to think about it.
16. This chapter is about hardship, perseverance, caring and not caring. List some quotes to support this generalization
Come father...I'll watch over you, and then you can watch over me Under our feet were men crushed, trampled under-foot dying. No one paid any attention He [the Rabbi's son] wanted to get rid of his father...in order to get rid of the burden" "give me strength never to do what Ithe Rabbi's] son has done.
1. After the transport train stopped in the middle of field, what orders were given
The prisoners were ordered to throw out all the dead
2. How did the prisoners respond? How did Elie save his father's life?
They were glad to throw out the corpses since it meant more room for the living and more clothes because the bodies were stripped naked Two men, thinking that the old man was dead, were going to throw the father off the train but Elie revived him.
3. How long did they travel
For ten days and nights they traveled in the open cattle cars. During this time the prisoners were not fed
4. At one stop, a workman tossed in a piece of bread. What happened? How can you account for the prisoner's actions?
The prisoners began to fight with each other for the scrap offood. They were crazed with hunger; rational behavior seemed beyond the reach of most, but Elie and his father still seemed to be able to weigh risks and rewards.
5. What happened next
More workmen and curious spectators began throwing pieces of bread to the prisoners and watched as they fought for the food
6. Why do you suppose Elie then tells the story about the woman throwing co to the natives
He is making it clear that the actions of the workman were not acts of charity
7. Throughout this chapter, how does Elie view the average German civilian
He has told us several times that German civilians observed the inmates, but were not surprised or horrified by what they saw. German workmen enjoyed the spectacle. One infers that Wiesel considers them as guilty of this horror as any of the S.S
8. What scene did Elie witness
At the end of this scene why do you suppose Elie tells us that he was fifteen? A son beat his father to death for a scrap of bread. Then the son was beaten by others. The corpses of the father and son lay next to Elie. It is a horrific scene to be witnessed at any age, but at fifteen, it is going to stay with him a long, long time.
9. During the last day of their journey, what happened
A bitterly cold wind arose, and it continued to snow. The men knew that they could not hold out much longer and began wailing, groaning, and crying
10. Of the 100 men who had gotten on the train with Elie, how many got out
What does the death of Meir Kayz suggest? Twelve. Survival had to do with more that just physical condition
11. Where did the remaining prisoners finally arrived?
They were now in Buchenwald, another concentration camp located in Germany
1. After they arrived, the prisoners were supposed to shower. What did Elie's father want to do
He wanted only to lie down in the snow to sleep and die
2. Why did Elie shout at his father
He wanted to keep him from giving up
3. What finally forced them inside
The sirens sounded an alert, and the guards drove the prisoners toward the blocks
4. The next day when Elie went in search of his father, what was his fleeting hope
He hoped he would not find his father so that he could use all of his strength for his own survival
5. Weakened further by dysentery, the father could not get out of his bunkWhat further injury did some of the inmates do him?
They beat him and stole his food
6. What advice did the block leader give Elie
The man tells Elie: "Don't forget that you're in a concentration camp. Here, every man has to fight for himself and not think of anyone else. Even of his father. Here, there are no fathers, no brothers, no friends. Everyone lives and dies for himself alone.
7. Of the advice, Elie says He was right, I thought in the most secret region of my heart In what sense was the block leader right
His advice was practical and logical; in the animal kingdom the instinct to survive is the strongest drive; apparently Elie hung on to his humanity because he ran to find some soup for his father
8. After lying ill for over a week, what finally happened to Elie's father
A German officer, trying to silence him, hit Elie's father violently on the head with a truncheon. Some time during the night, he was carried to the crematory
1. How long was Elie's stay at Buchenwald?What were his thoughts during this time?
From mid January until April 11, Elie was a prisoner at Buchenwald. After the death of his father he felt nothing and thought only of food
2. How did the prisoners know that the end of the war was near
The guard was late in arriving to count the prisoners. The guards had never been late before.
3. What did the prisoners think was going to happen to them
The prisoners thought Hitler was going to keep his promise, and that all theJews would be executed
4. What did the Germans decide to do with the prisoners
They were all to be evacuated (sent to the gas chambers, ten blocks each day.
5. Before all the prisoners could be evacuated, though, what happened
The resistance organization decided to fight back against the Germans. The Germans fled, and the resistance was now in charge of the camp.
6. Several hours later, what happened
American soldiers arrived at Buchenwald.
7. What comments did Wiesel make about the prisoners' actions after liberation
He noted that there was no thought of revenge.
8. What happened to Elie after liberation
He got food poisoning three days after liberation and spent the next two weeks deathly ill
9. What does the last line of this book suggest
Wiesel says that the look in the eyes of the "corpse" that gazed back at him from the mirror has never left him. Those eyes that saw so much horrific suffering and death still feel the pain, and see the suffering that will always stay with him.
10. Why do you suppose that Wiesel always refers to his persecutors as Germans or S.S but never Nazis
There are some who say that it was not the German people, but the Nazis who were responsible for the Holocaust. Wiesel does not share that opinion
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