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the study of objects from the past which in pre-modern China was an activity that supplemented and corrected the recieved historical record by the investigation of inscribed objects, especially ritual bronze vessels and texts cut into stone
the first patriarch of Chan Buddhism, an Indian or Sogdian monk who is beleived to have brought Chan from India to China
a being whose nature is enlightenment as in the historical Buddha prior to his final enlightenment
dou gong, a combination of blocks (dou) and arms (gong) usualy atop a column that serves to transmit the roof weight to the column grid and foundation
a Buddhist sect that emphasizes meditation and personal transmission of doctrine, aka Zen in Japanese
a chan term for official portraits of priests which may have served to document the transmission of docntrine from master to pupil
center of Tantric Buddhism and the site of Buddhist cave temples and carvings dating from the Tang to Qing dynasties, located in the northwest of the city of Chongqing, Szechuan
geomancy- the lore and methods of siting buildings with regard to the propitious or harmful influences of landscape formations
the bodhisattva of compassion, one of the attendants of Amitabha Buddha and a popular object of devotion throughout East Asia (aka Avalokitesvara)
one of two contenders for the title of 6th patriarch of chan buddhism, traditionally known as the founder of Southern school of Chan
"ruled-line painting" a style of painting in which rulers and other tools were used to produce precise and detailed images of man-made constructions
a semi-nomadic people who founded the Jin Dynasaty (1115-1234) in the north of modern day China and forced the Song Dynasty court south of the Huai River in 1127
a nonsensical or paradoxical question or story used in Chan Buddhism as amethod to force the listener to abandon logical thought and attain a suprarational understanding
porcellaneous stoneware with a grayish body and thick, green glaze, decorated with sculptural designs
the major follwers of the Buddha who vowed to remain alive to preserve his teachings (aka arhat)
a school of Chinese Buddhism devoted to intense mental regimens as a means of attaining enlightenment
a high-fired ceramic made from white clay with clear glazes producing a vitreous resonant and translucent body
a semi-nomadic people who founded a kingdom on the northern border of Song-period China aka Liao dynasty
an honorific name for the historical Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama) who was a member of the Sakya clan
high-fired ceramic that is partially virtrified, hence non porous and hard and often covered with a feldspathic gray-green or brown glaze
a desirable quality of natural spontaneity (lack of artifice and resonance with nature) in one's personality or creative work
northern song emperor, supporter of the arts especially elegant calligraphy, monocrhome imperial ware ceramics, elaborate garden complex
one of the founders of Dong-Ju school of landscape painting, perceptual effect of looking blurry and vague up close but resolving into legibility from a distance
Northern Song poet-official, large-scale, thickly brushed calligraphy (Han Shan's Poem)
Pure Land Buddhism
popular during Tang dynasty, assigned importance to Amitabha's bodhisattva Guanyin and Dashizhi
Southern Song court painter who retired to a monastery and painted Chan Buddhism influenced paintings (Sakyamuni Emerging from the Mountains, 6th Chan Patriarch Chopping Wood)
Tibetan silk painting with embroidery, usually depicting a Buddhist deity, famous scene, or mandala of some sort
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