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32 terms

American Revolution Social Studies Test

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French and Indian War
Was a war fought by French and English on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley-- English defeated French in1763. Historical Significance: established England as number one world power and began to gradually change attitudes of the colonists toward England for the worse.
Where did the fighting of the French & Indian War take place?
American soil
Who was involved in the French and Indian War?
The British fought against the French and their allies the Native Americans.
Why were the British taxing the Americans?
The British lost money during the Fench and Indian War and so they taxed the American colonists to get it back.
Who won
the French and Indian War?
The British and the Iroquois
Boston Massacre
The first bloodshed of the Amercan Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five americans
Boston Tea Party
demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor
Battle of Bunker Hill
First major battle of the Revolutions. It showed that the Americans could hold their own, but the British were also not easy to defeat. Ultimately, the Americans were forced to withdraw after running out of ammunition, and Bunker Hill was in British hands. However, the British suffered more deaths.
What was the Olive Branch Petitition?
a letter which was a petition sent to King George III that told the King American colonists were still loyal to Britain and that war could be avoided if the British government would give the colonists greater freedom to govern themselves.
What is the Declaration of Independence?
Document that stated America was free from Great Britain.
Treaty of Paris
Treaty signed in 1783 that offcially ended the American Revolution. Great Britain recognized the United States as an independent country.
Patriots
Colonists who wanted independence from Britain
Loyalists
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
Militia
An army of citizens who serve as soldiers during an emergency
Albany Plan of Union
plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
First Continental Congress
The First Continental Congress convened on September 5, 1774, to protest the Intolerable Acts. The congress endorsed the Suffolk Resolves, voted for a boycott of British imports, and sent a petition to King George III, conceding to Parliament the power of regulation of commerce but stringently objecting to its arbitrary taxation and unfair judicial system.
Hessians
German soldiers hired by George III to smash Colonial rebellion, proved good in mechanical sense but they were more concerned about money than duty.
Mercenaries
hired soldiers
Blockade
prevents access or progress
Committees of Correspondence
Organization founded by Samuel Adams consisting of a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies
Repeal
To cancel
Petition
a formal message requesting something that is submitted to an authority
Boycott
refuse to buy
Colonial Leaders
Ben Franklin, John Hancock and Thomas Jefferson
Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown
captures charlestown and 5,000 american soldiers
patriots surround troops-cornwallis retreats to SC
American armies join with 2 french fleets and attacks Yorktown
Common Sense
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
Stamp Act
A tax that the British Pariliament placed on newspapers and official documents sold in the American Colonies
Intolerable Acts
A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British
Townshend Act
a law by the British Parliament which states the colonists had to pay a tax on products such as lead, glass, tea, paper and paints
Lexington and Concord
the first battle of the American Revolution (April 19, 1775)
the causes of the American Revolution
the American colonists wanted to be free from British rule