Terms in this set (19)
• The Middle East serves as a land bridge connecting Asia, Africa, and Europe.
The Arabian Peninsula
is the most distinctive landform in Southwest Asia.
connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea
Strait of Hormuz
the only water way to the oil field of the Middle East.
a riverbed that remains dry except during the rainy seasons.
Tigris and Euphrates
2 of the most important rivers in SW Asia
Land btw the rivers is called the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia
Most fertile land in the world
provides valued water sources to the region
-lowest elevation sea in the world. Nothing can live in the water due to its high salt content.
it is the areas most valuable resource
• Most of Southwest Asia
is extremely arid. Most areas receive less than 18 inches of precipitation a year.
a Mediterranean climate prevails
making the land green and lush for at least part of each year.
reduce travel and limit almost all human-environment interaction
• Rub al Khali
is the most famous desert in the region. The locals call this, "The place where no one comes out". It is a vast desert that is about the size of Texas.
an area in the desert where vegetation is found because water is available, usually from underground springs.
• High mountains
block rain, and dry winds increase evaporation. When winds evaporate the moisture in the soil, chemical salts remain, creating a salt flat. The rugged lands are almost uninhabited and are barriers to easy movement across Iran.
• Semi-arid lands
have warm to hot summers with enough rainfall to support grass and some low-growing shrubs
hot summers and rainy winters
California create a good climate for growing citrus fruits, olives, and vegetables. Because of mild winter temperatures in winter and heavy irrigation in the dry summer, farmers can grow crops year round.
• The Tigris and Euphrates rivers
have been the site of intensive farming.
• Both Turkey and Iraq
have constructed dams on the rivers to provide irrigation water all year long.
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Geography Chapter 21
landforms and waterways