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Description and mode of action: Inhibits cell membrane by forming a pore through the fungal membrane, which leads to leakage of essential ions from the cell
Description and mode of action: Inhibits metabolism of malaria parasites by one or more unknown methods
Description and mode of action: Prevents tRNA molecules from binding to ribosomes @ the 30S subunits docking site
Description and mode of action: Blocks second metabolic step in the formation of folic acid from PABA; synergistic with sulfonamides
Description and mode of action: Directly interferes with the formation of alanine-alanine bridges between NAM subunits
Description and mode of action: Binds to 50S subunit of prokaryotic ribosomes and preventing the elongation of the nascent protein
Description and mode of action: Binds to and deactivates the enzymes that cross link the NAM subunits of peptidoglycan
Description and mode of action: Inhibits DNA and RNA synthesis; viral DNA polymerase more likely to incorporate the drugs
Drug Description: Antibacterial drug that alter cytoplasmic membranes of susceptible cells
Description and mode of action: Analogs of PABA that bind irreversibly to enzyme that produces dihydrofolic acid; synergistic with Trimethoprim
In prokaryotes and yeasts, reproductive process in which an outgrowth of the parent cell receives a copy of the genetic material, enlarges, and detaches. In virology, extrusion of enveloped virions through the host's cell membrane
Theory suggests that more than one hit to the DNA whether caused by virus or various physical or chemical agents, is required to induce cancer. In this theory, revolves around the presence of proto-oncogenes, when repressed no cancer results
Infections with enveloped viruses in which host cells shed viruses slowly and relatively steadily. A curve showing virus abundance over time during a persistent infection lacks the burst of new virions seen in lyptic cycle
Inhibit protein synthesis
What do Chloramphenicol plus clindamycin and metronidazole, Erythromycin, Tetracyclines, and Streptomycin do?
They are caused by viruses
Why is it inappropriate to prescribe antibacterial agents to treat clods or flu?
β-lactamase production is an example of what type of resistance? (Inactivation of the drug)
________ protects areas of the body such as the intestinal tract and the vagina from invasion by pathogen
_____ are small circular pieces of RNA with no capsid that infect and cause disease in plants. Similar pathogenic RNA molecules have been found in fungi. Also, are acellular disease-causing agents that lack cell structure and cannot metabolize, grow, self-reproduce, or respond to their environment
_______ is advantageous to Bacteriophages since the genetic material of the Bacteriophages can be passed on the future generations of cells
In contrast to most dsDNA animal viruses, the poxviruses replicate solely in the ________ of the host cell
The fungus _______ _______ is found in the lungs of most people in low numbers, but in immunocompromised people it overgrows, resulting in serve respiratory problems. The fungus is best described as both resident microbiota and opportunistic pathogen
What are objects inadvertently used to transfer pathogens to new hosts, e.g. Glass and towel?
A relationship between two organisms where one member harms the other is called ________?
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