The peninsula between the Mediterranean and the Black Seas that is now occupied by most of Turkey; also called Asia Minor
An Assyrian king who told people to bring back writings and collected about 20,000 cuniform tablets were now found form him. Made a huge library in Nineveh
A city and it's nearby farmlands -- A political area that works together for a common goal
A human society with advanced level of development in social and political organization and in the arts and sciences
An area of rich soil in the Middle East, stretching from the Mediterranian Sea through Mesopotamia to the Persian Gulf
A system for creating order and providing leadership. Laws and rules and maintaining order in an effort to promote the economy.
The ruler of the Babylonian empire from 1792 to 1750 B.C. and created the first legal code of laws.
The first human, the first human who left remains of her bones. She lived around 3.5 million years ago.
The middle stone age, lasted from 10,000 B.C. to 6000 B.C. when we startedto control fire and develope language.
(Homo Neanderthalensis) were a extinct species or subspecies ( Homo Sapiens) that lived in the middle Paleolithic Age
The new stone age lasted from 8000 to 3000 B.C. and is was the begining of weaving and pottery
An ancient region of southern Mesopotamia which rose around 3300 B.C. The first empire that ruled in Mesopotamia and is credited with inventing writing.
An ancient Sumerian or Babylonian temple that rose in steplike levels and was used to observe the stars.It was like a city center
Why are there 20 provinces
The land was to big so king Darius had to brake the land up to be organized
What makes a Government?
King/Queen,Education,Warriors, People to rule,someone to enforce rules,legal laws,scribes,record keeping
growth of trade
Surpluses lead to the growth of trade because they had extra and they needed something else so they would trade
how did Darius unite an empire?
He built the Royal Road. He could transport his armies and collect taxes. he always expanded his empire with conquests.
5 traits of civilization
Advanced Technology,Advanced Cities,Record Keeping,Complex Institutions,Specialized workers
Who were the Sumer?
They are the first civilization,which rose around 3300 B.C..They created bronze,the week,and writing(cuniform).The Sargon took over after.
Examples of traits
Advanced cities;Kish,Nippur,Ur.Specialized workers;preist,king,artisan.merchants, educators, investors Complex institutions;the temple,army,schools.Record keeping;writing cunieform, pictograph.Advanced technology;irrigation,bronze tools,cuniform,days of week.wheel and plow
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Built by king Nebuchadnezzar, a huge jungle tower.It is one of the seven wonders of the world.
They are the next group to take over the Fertile Crescent after the Sargon.Their king was king Ashurbanipal.They were defeated by the Medes and the Chaldeans.
What important inventions came from mesopotamia
Wheel, plow, writing, law codes, irrigation, days of the week, 60 minutes, 60 seconds
Why was Cyrus better than Darius?
Darius was consumed with conquest and not focusing on keeping everyone happy by practicing tolerance
extended from India to Greece and help introduce the ideas of organization and importance of toleration and roads