EDP 201 - Midterm
Terms in this set (79)
emphasized dream analysis, sex and aggression
When the number of calories you consume decreases, your weight also decreases. What kind of correlation is this?
The theory of education psychology that concentrates on the human mind's activity of taking in, storing, and using information is
Students are much more diverse with regard to race, ethnicity, language, and economic level than teachers.
An established relationship between factors is a(n)
Which is a feature of scientifically based research?
It can use observations
It is reviewed by independent experts
It is replicable (it can be repeated) (ALL)
A researcher reports that students who are taught with a new after school program causes healthier eating and higher levels of activity outside the program itself. What type of research study must have been conducted?
If a statistical finding is described as "significant", what does this mean?
It is unlikely that it is due to chance
A coherent body of ideas that explains how we remember things is an example of a
developed a theory of "natural" cognitive development
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2002 does NOT include which of the following
All students reach proficiency by 2013-2014 school year
No standardized achievement testing in Math is given
Science is tested once in each grade span of elementary, middle, and high school.
The tests are used to determine which students are making Adequate Yearly Progress
(SECOND ONE IS FALSE)
Which is the strongest correlation?
+.8, +.3, 0, or -.9 ( -.9 bc its farthest from 0)
Children's self-talk, which guides their thinking and action, is called:
Josephine is 5 months old. She uses her mouth and hands to understand her world. In which of Piaget's stages is she?
Vygotsky's sociocultural perspective emphasizes all of the following EXCEPT:
Interactions with others
Importance of organization, adaptation, and equilibration
Culture, specifically language
The zone of proximal development
Levi's teacher wants to use scaffolding to teach him how to solve a math problem. What should his teacher do?
Break the problem into several steps for him
Sarah is having trouble solving a set of math problems in class. However, when she is paired with a more advanced student in the class who already understands the problems, she is able to successfully complete the answers. What is this called?
Zone of proximal development
What is the name of the gap between two neurons?
The specialization of the two sides, or hemispheres, of the brain is called:
When Ava learns about ostriches and penguins, she alters her existing scheme for birds. This is an example of what?
Kari is experiencing changes in the way she relates to her family, friends, peers, and teachers. What type of development is this?
Children who learn more than two languages are at a cognitive disadvantage, compared to their monolingual peers.
The part of the brain associated with higher-order thinking processes is:
Mental systems or categories of perception and experience are called:
Sophie is presented with a moral dilemma and responds that she would act in a certain way to please her parents. She is in what stage of moral reasoning?
Maggie says she would not steal a loaf of bread, even if she was starving, because she doesn't want to get in trouble for breaking the rules. She is in which stage of moral reasoning.
Erika, who is 17 years old, is struggling to decide whether she wants to focus on science classes in preparation for one day majoring in biology in college, or take AP English, because she thinks she might also like being a literature teacher. In which of Erikson's stages is she?
Identity vs. role confusion
The emphasis in Erikson's stage theory is on
the formation of a personal identity through the resolution of different crises.
n general, Marcia feels good about herself and is proud to be who she is. What does this statement describe?
Mathilda is a freshman in high school. She hasn't really thought about where she wants to go to college or what she wants to do. She says to herself, "Life is so confusing. I don't want to think about these decisions at all". Mathilda is experiencing identity
The difference between self-concept and self-esteem is that
self-concept is a cognitive belief while self-esteem is an affective reaction
Organized networks of knowledge about what it means to be male or female is called:
Parents, children, and stepchildren merged into families through remarriages are called:
What does the term nigrescence refer to or mean?
The process of developing a Black identity
According to Bronenbrenner's bioecological model of development, the larger social settings such as communities are:
The understanding that other people are people too, with their own minds (typo), thoughts, feelings, beliefs, desires and perceptions is:
Theory of mind
Eleanor has been having crying spells, is prone to mood swings, and is significantly underweight. She tells the school nurse her menstrual periods have stopped. Eleanor is most likely affected by which condition?
According to Urie Bronfenbrenner's Bioecological Model of Human Development
the microsystem refers to the individual's immediate environment such as their family and friends
Children experiencing the Erikson's stage of trust vs. mistrust are also in what Piagetian stage?
Ramona is 64 years old. Although her mind is not as "quick" as it used to be, she can still remember all her grandchildren's birthdays and capitals of all the countries in the world. She has a high level of what kind of intelligence?
Luis received an IQ score of 105 when he was recently tested. About what percent of the general population earn an IQ score between 85 and 115?
What does "zero reject" refer to or mean?
Students with disabilities cannot be denied a free public education
An annually revised program for an identified student, detailing resent achievement level, goals, and strategies, drawn up by teachers, parents, specialists, and (if possible) the student is called a(n):
Individualized Education Program (IEP)
Which of these abilities is NOT part of Sternberg's triarchic theory of successful intelligence?
Basic-Understanding the world
The definition of an intellectual disability includes all of the following EXCEPT:
Successful in all classes****
A score of below 70 on a standard measure of intelligence
Problems with adaptive behavior and day-to-day independent living
Struggles with social functioning
A local middle school has decide to change their school policy. They want an approach that doesn't wait for students to fail in order to help them. Instead, they want to implement an approach to support students with learning problems as early as possible and not wait for years to assess, identify, and plan a program. What kind of approach is this called?
Response to Intervention
The best approaches for students with emotional and behavioral disorders include the following EXCEPT
Applied behavioral analysis
Structure and organization
Students with disabilities are entitled to which of the following?
A. A free education
B. Education in the regular classroom, to the greatest extent possible
C. The best possible education, regardless of expense
D. A and B*****
Spearman's term that describes the one mental attribute that is used to perform any mental test is called:
Because of better health, smaller families, increased complexity in the environment, and more and better schooling, IQ test scores are steadily rising.
After studying hard for and failing several history tests, Selina now believes she will never learn or succeed in this class. What phenomenon is Selina experiencing?
How long, approximately, does it take to master academic language skills in a new language?
Five to seven years
People of different racial backgrounds have significantly different genes.
Why do some groups, such as Latinos and African Americans, have below average performance on achievement tests?
Poverty is associated with minority status, i.e. these students are more likely to come low income homes & They have had less exposure to learning opportunities
The knowledge, values, attitudes, and traditions that guide the behavior of a group of people is:
Students of Low socioeconomic status may suffer from the following EXCEPT
Teachers' lowered expectations for these students
Higher average levels of achievement on test scores****
Based on the chapter and the video "The Danger of a Single Story," what can you do practically to counter the single stories that you may possess?
Try to meet new people as often as possible.
Martine has moved to the United States from Québec, Canada. She is receiving instruction in English. She tells her ESOL teacher that she is forgetting how to say things in French. What is she experiencing?
Education that promotes equity in the schooling of all students is:
What does the presenter in the video, "The Danger of a Single Story," argue is the genesis of the single story of Africa?
James, an African American student, says "She didn't do nothing," and "I seen it" instead of "She didn't do anything" and "I saw it". What is most likely true?
he is speaking in dialect
Gina, a female student, was told that women earn lower scores on the SATs than men. She does not believe this and wants to disprove this false statement. When she takes the SATs, she gets anxious and does worse than she could have. What did Gina experience?
In some areas of the country, groups that are traditionally considered "minorities" actually make up the majority of the population.
What term can be defined as rules dictating when, where, and how to communicate?
Mrs. A's classroom is known to produce resilient students. Her students are always positive when they face struggles and may fail tests. They are much more likely to get back up and try even harder to succeed the next test. Mrs. A's classroom would include all of the following elements EXCEPT:
***Uncaring and unconnected relationship with teachers, peers, and home
Based on the chapter and the video "The Danger of a Single Story," which statement is most true?
It is difficult to eliminate the characterizations of groups of people because most people are not aware that they make characterizations.
To what does socioeconomic status refer?
B. Wealth, power, background, control over resources, and prestige
Keeping information in working memory by repeating it over and over is called:
Bob studies during many short periods with rest intervals in between so is using:
The resources required to process stimuli irrelevant to the task is called:
Extraneous cognitive load
The memory system that holds information the most briefly is:
Betsy studies her German vocabulary words by associating them with English words and images. This system of associating new concepts with similar sounding cue words and images is using:
A category used to group similar events, ideas, objects or people is called a:
The weakening and fading of memories with the passage of time is called:
Knowledge demonstrated when we know how to perform a task is called:
The information processing system does NOT include which of the following:
The cognitive view of reinforcement differs from the behaviorist view because the cognitive view sees reinforcement as :
a source of information
Jack clearly and vividly remembers where he was and what he was doing on September 11, 2001 when he learned about the terrorist attacks. This memory is a:
It is easier for Jack to remember his Social Security Number, 296-95-8436, than the string of numbers 2-9-6-9-5-8-4-3-6. What process makes it easier?
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