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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Chapter 11: The Civil War
Terms in this set (44)
The agrarian South was at a disadvantage agaisnt the
He was worried about anti-slavery sentiment in Europe
What contributed to Lincoln's decision to address the issue of slavery in the South?
Before the Emancipation Proclamation, enslaved African Americans who were captured by Union forces were often treated as
Industries became more mechanized
How did the Civil War affect industries in the North?
The North's population was larger
How did the North's population differ from the South's population?
The South was fighting in its own territory
What is one geographic advantage the South had over the North?
The battle was more brutal than what people expected
Why was the Civil War's first large battle the Battle of Bull Run so shocking?
What port on the Gulf of Mexico was captured by Union forces earlier into the war?
A common national currency
What did the United States Treasury create when the Legal Tender Act was passed in 1862?
What happened to the South's economy during the Civil War?
Dying from disease
What risk did a soldier face if he survived being wounded in a Civil War battle?
What profession grew substantially with women's participation during the Civil War?
The supremacy of the federal government over the states was firmly established
How did the Civil War affect states' rights?
Vicksburg is located on which major river?
Never fought on Union soil again
After the Battle of Gettysburg, the South
Crush large numbers of Confederate troops
After 1863, what did General Grant want to do even if it meant thousands of Union soldiers were killed?
Military and civilian targets
What did Union forces decided to attack in their effort to demoralize the South after 1863?
Lee's retreat from Petersburg
What event led to the fall of the Confederate capital: Richmond, Virginia?
Appomattox Court House
Where did Lee finally surrender to Grant?
It helped the Union win
What effect did Lincoln's ability to unify the bitterly divided North have on the outcome of the Civil War?
More technological resources
What is one advantage that helped the North to achieve victory in the Civil War?
Which side had a more difficult time rebuilding after the Civil War?
Many migrated to the North and the West
What impact did the Civil War have on the South's African American population?
Meant that Union troops controlled the Mississippi River ports
The capture of Vicksburg, Mississippi by Union troops
Battle of Gettysburg
What battle is considered the turning point of the Civil War?
Total war/ war of attrition
What describes General Grant's strategy for crushing the Confederacy after the Battle of Gettysburg?
They had no replacement troops
Why did the a Confederate army begin to falter and eventually lose the battle at Petersburg, Virginia?
Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia
How did the Civil War end?
After the Militia Act, African Americans fought for the Union
How did African Americans support the war effort?
They knew it did not specifically free all enslaved people
Some abolitionists criticize Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation because
A major Union military victory
What did Lincoln want before he announced the Emancipation Proclamation?
Pressuring him to take a stand on slavery
Abolitionists influenced Lincoln's decision to issue the Emancipation Proclamation by
Actively began recruiting African American soldiers to fight
After the Emancipation Proclamation, the Union army
Serving as spies and scouts
African Americans in the South often helped Union forces by
Lincoln's response to the increasingly difficult issue of slavery:
Mandated that African American soldiers can be accepted into the military:
Confederate general who won the first major battle of the Civil War:
Nurse who started the American branch of the Red Cross:
System of enforced military service instituted in the North:
Union strategy that aimed to cripple the South completely:
Introduced to help fund the war in the North:
Site of crushing Confederate defeat that ended the South's hope for victory:
Union strategy to control the Mississippi River and split the Confederacy:
Abolished slavery in the United States:
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
US History Chapter 10 "The Union in Crisis"
U.S. History Chapter 13
HIstory Chapter 11 section 4
US History Final Exam
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OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Hummanities Test Part 1
11.3 Life During the War True/False
Chapter 10 test USH-Martinez