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This drug is given IV b/c it is destroyed by stomach acid when given PO. Includes potential SE of seizures. What is another SE with IM admin?
Penicillin G; pain at injection site
Important SE fo cephalosporins include...
hypersensitivity rxns, pseudomembranous colitis and disulfuram-like rxn with EtOH
A 1st gen cephalosporin that is a good narrow spectrum drug for Tx of gram +, proteus, and E. coli bacteria.
What MAO inhibiting drug is the DOC for MRSA as an alternative to vancomycin and is also indicated for VRE?
What should you tell pts to avoid while taking linezolid?
foods or beverages with high tyramine content
What class of drugs have a concentration killing effect and are indicated in Tx of gram (-) aerobes (especially sepsis)?
Name two drugs that are known for being ototoxic and nephrotoxic.
vancomycin and gentamycin (aminoglycosides)
this drug chelates minerals such as calcium and may stain teeth brown when given to PG or < 8 yo.
Used to Tx respiratory infections, chlamydial infections and pharyngitis, this macrolide has a very long T/2.
What is a administration requirement of azithromycin?
taken 1h AC or 2 hr PC (inactivated by gastric juice)
This protein synthesis inhibitor is a 1st line drug in the Tx of anaerobic bacteria and is the DOC for paronychias.
Other than 1st line Tx for UTIs what are other indications for TMP-SMZ?
pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and OM
Name a weird SE of Flagyl. what substance should be avoided that may cause violent emesis?
orange-brown urine; EtOH
amphoteracin B combines with what component of fungal cell walls in order to alter permeability?
What are two important SE of ketaconazole?
hepatotoxicity and gynecomastia (interferes with adrenal/gonadal steroids)
This tuberculostatic drug's absoprtion is impaired by food and has SE of peripheral neuropathy, liver damage, and psychosis.
A drug known to cause optic neuritis with sx of eye pain, blurred vision, and red-green colorblindness.
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