A special adaptation for plant life on dry land that protects from drying
_________ is the gas exchange organelle
Is used for transporting water
Is used for transporting food (sugar)
The 1st category of plants
The 2nd category of plants
3rd category of plants
4th category of plants
_________of _________ is a terrestrial adaptation
Alteration of generations
the male gametophyte
the female gametophyte
T/F: The plant kingdom is monophyletic
Mosses and liverworts are an example of ?
Bryophytes are vascular or nonvascular
Do Bryophytes have a water transport system?
How do bryophytes fertilize?
Bryophyte life cycle is dominated by what stage?
What is a thick filament of spores called?
What are the first vascular plants called?
Do Pteridophytes have a water transport system?
Ferns are an example of what?
The Pteridophytes life cycle is dominated by what stage?
What is it called when the male and female are on the same plant (one spore)?
What are produced by the decay of seedless plants?
coal and oil
What are conifers considered?
Are gymnosperm vascular or non-vascular?
Are gymnosperm hetero or homo spory?
what kind of seed do gymnosperm have?
what contains the male gametophyte?
The gymnosperm is dominated by what life cycle?
What is reduction of gametophyte?
protection of the egg and embryo in a sporophyte
The sporophyte embryo is packaged along with food supply in a protective coat called a ?
all seed have 2 spores, what are they?
what is the megaspore?
what is the microspore?
what is the integument + megasporangium + megaspore called?
what eliminates the need for water?
what two ways are pollen spread?
what are the first flowering plants called?
Are angiosperm vascular or non-vascular?
Are angiosperm hetero or homo spory?
What is the specialized structure of an angiosperm for sexual reproduction?
what are the seed within in an angiosperm?
What is the Angiosperms life cycle dominated by?
what are the two types of angiosperm?
Monocots vs Dicots: which has 1 cotyledon?
Monocots vs Dicots: which has leaves with a network of veins
Monocots vs Dicots: which has fibrous roots
Monocots vs Dicots: which has vascular bundles in a circle
Monocots vs Dicots: Which has vascular bundles scattered?
Monocots vs Dicots: petals in 3x
Monocots vs Dicots: parallel leaves
Monocots vs Dicots: netted veins
Monocots vs Dicots: 2 cotyledons
Monocots vs Dicots: tap root
Monocots vs Dicots: 4x-5x petals
What are lilies, grasses, orchids and palms
What are roses, beans, sunflowers and oaks
what part of the plant is aerial
what part of the plant is subterranean
What are the 4 purposes of roots
anchor plant, absorb nutrients, store food, increase surface area
what is the alternating system of nodes and internodes called
The potential to form a new branch is called?
The growth of young shoots is called?
terminal buds inhibit the growth of axillary buds
what is the main organ for photosynthesis?
what is the dermal tissue of a plant called?
what are the vascular tissue of plants called?
xylem and phloem
what is the ground tissue of a plant called?
what tissue has photosynthesis and storage and support?
what are "typical" plant cells called
what is the function of parenchyma
perform metabolic functions
what are unevenly thickened primary walls called?
what is the function of collenchyma
provide support and allow growth
what are the hardened secondary walls called?
what is the function of sclerechyma
what is an example of scelernchyma
which meristems are for primary growth and length?
which meristems are for secondary growth (girth)
What produces secondary xylem/phloem
what produces tough, thick covering
what is the protective coat of secondary plant body called?
which nutrients are needed in large quantity
which nutrients are needed in small quantities
what is the A horizon composed of?
topsoil; living organisms
where is humus found?
what is in the B horizon?
what is in the C horizon?
what is a symbiotic association of fungi and roots called?
what is the development of the body form and organization?
what is the development of specific structures in specific locations?
what are signals that indicate the appropriate location and development of cells?
what are channels for the passage of water called?
what is osmosis?
the diffusion of water from a high concentration to a low concentration
what is the movement of water through a plant from regions of high pressure to regions of low pressure called?
what is the evaporation of water from a plant called?
what is the belt of suberin that blocks the passage of water and dissolved minerals called?
water molecules tug on each other
water molecules adhering to the hydrophilic walls of the xylem cells?
cohesion and adhesion are possible because of what type of bonds