7 terms

Restoration Test: Authors

Augustan Poetry
Reveals innermost thoughts and feelings, and biggest known authors of this kind of poetry were Dryden, Pope, and Swift; sometimes Johnson
John Dryden
Poet, dramatist, and critic who was concerned with political crisis of the period; used poetry to express opinions and informed people (told them what to think). He had a minor position in Cromwell's government and his work was mostly occasionally (written for a specific occasion). He had influence over much of the nation. Converted from Puritan to Roman Catholic.
Daniel Defoe
Well-educated, family from dissenters (one who doesn't follow the church). Poked fun at the government and Church of England which got him into jail, but later he became a writer for the government. Wrote 400 different works considered in political and religious controversies, advice, journalistic accounts, and fictions (some poetry).
Jonathan Swift
Wrote great Satirical novels. Born in Ireland but Nanny took him to England, where then he migrated between both. Had a masters from oxford and was a priest in the Church of England. Wrote not to gain success but hoped to:
1) improve human conduct
2) Make people more decent and humane
3) to persuade people to think like he did
Alexander Pope
Child prodigy in writing; comes from Catholic family and wealthy. Educated at home and studied the classics (as he was largely neoclassical) and learned to read Italian, Greek, and French. Contracted tuberculosis and turned out deformed. Wrote satirical and neoclassical points and his poetry targeted the upper-class (mostly)
Samuel Johnson
Created the first dictionary of the English language; created edition of Shakespeare's plays and notes; created a ten volume biographical series called The Lives of Poets. Suffered from small-pox and scrofula- blind in one eye; deaf in one ear. Married to Elizabeth Porter; Very Religious- Anglican
John Bunyan
Came from the lowest-social class; wrote the Pilgrim's Progress- most widely read book after the Bible. VERY religious and was a baptist, not Anglican. Thrown in jail for preaching w/o a license. Married and had many children, then married again, and went to jail again for preaching. There he wrote the Pilgrim's Progress and talked about the constant battle between good and evil and that you can only win the battle with God on your side. Allegory.