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51 terms

SOC 310 Exam 2

STUDY
PLAY
white privilege
Rights or immunities granted as a particular benefit or favor for being White.
principle of third-generation interest
Marcus Hansen's contention that ethnic interest and awareness increase in the 3rd generation, among grandchildren of immigrants
symbolic ethnicity
Herbert Gan's term for an ethnic identity that emphasizes concerns such as ethnic food or political issues rather than deeper ties to one's ethnic heritage.
denomination
A large, organized religion not officially linked with the state or government.
civil religion
the religious dimension in American life that merges the state with sacred beliefs
liberals
United Church of Christ (Congregationalists) and Episcopalians
moderates
Disciples of Christ, Methodists, Presbyterians
conservatives
American Lutherans, American Baptists
Fundamentalists
Missouri Synod Lutherans, Southern Baptists, Assembly of God
secessionist minority
Groups that reject assimilation and promote coexistence and pluralism.
creationists
People who support a literal interpretation of the biblical book of genesis on the origins of the universe and argue that evolution should not be presented as established scientific thought
intelligent design
Theory which suggests all life is complex and best explained by an intelligent cause
ethnicity paradox
The maintenance of one's ethnic ties in a way that can assist with assimilation in larger society
world systems theory
A view of the global economic system as divided between nations that control wealth and those that provide natural resources and labor
internal colonialism
The treatment of subordinate peoples as colonial subjects by those in power.
millenarian movements
Movements, such as the Ghost Dance, that prophesy a cataclysm in the immediate future, to be followed by collective salvation
pan-Indianism
Intertribal social movements in which several tribes, joined by political goals but not by kinship, unite in a common identity
fish-ins
Tribes' protest over government interference with their traditional rights to fish as they like
powwows
Native American gatherings of dancing, singing, music playing, visiting which is accompanied by competitions
sovereignty
Tribal self-rule
kickouts or pushouts
Native American school dropouts who leave behind an unproductive academic environment
crossover effect
an effect that appears as previously high scoring Native American children score as below average in intelligence when tests are given in English rather than their native languages
environmental justice
Efforts to ensure that hazardous substances are controlled so that all communities receive protection regardless of race or socioeconomic circumstances
slave codes
Laws that defined the low position held by slaves in the United States.
Afrocentric perspective
An emphasis on the customs of African cultures and how they have pervaded the history, culture, and behavior of Blacks in the United States and around the world
ebonics
distinctive dialect with a complex language structure found among many Black Americans
abolitionists
whites and free Blacks who favored the end of slavery
Jim Crow
Southern laws passed in the late 19th century that kept Blacks in their subordinate position
White primary
Legal provisions forbidding Black voting in election primaries, which in one-party areas of the south effectively denied blacks their right to select elected officials
slavery reparation
The act of making amends for the injustices of slavery.
sundown towns
communities where non-whites were systematically excluded from living
restrictive covenant
a private contract or agreement that discourages or prevents minority group members from purchasing housing in a neighborhood
de jure segregation
Children assigned to schools specifically to maintain racially separated schools
civil disobedience
A tactic promoted by MLK Jr. based on the belief that people have the right to disobey unjust laws under certain circumstances
riff-raff theory
Also called the rotten-apple theory; the belief that the riots of the 1960's were caused by discontented youths rather than by social and economic problems facing all African Americans
relative deprivation
the conscious experience of a negative discrepancy between legitimate expectations and present actualities
rising expectations
the increasing sense of frustration that legitimate needs are being blocked
de facto segregation
segregation that is the result of residential patterns
apartheid schools
All-Black Schools
tracking
The practice of placing students in specific curriculum groups on the basis of test scores and other criteria
acting White
taking school seriously and accepting the authority of teachers and administrators
income
salaries, wages, and other money received
wealth
An inclusive term encompassing all of a person's material assets, including land and other types of property
underemployment
working at a job for which the worker is overqualified, involuntary working part time instead of full time, or being intermittently employed
class
as defined by Max Weber, people who share similar levels of wealth
redlining
The pattern of discrimination against people trying to buy homes in minority and racially changing neighborhoods
zoning laws
legal provisions stipulating land use and the architectural design of housing, often used to keep racial minorities and low-income people out of suburban areas
victimization surveys
Annual attempts to measure crime rates by interviewing ordinary citizens who may or may not have been crime victims
differential justice
Whites being dealt with more leniently than Blacks, whether at the time of arrest, indictment, conviction, sentencing, or parole
victim discounting
tendency to view crime as less socially significant if the victim is viewed as less worthy
gerrymandering
drawing district boundaries for political advantage