WC Egypt Terms

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Nile Delta
Triangular section of Nile which had lots of fertile land
Upper Egypt
In South Egypt
Lower Egypt
In North Egypt
Nile River
Was the Egyptians source of life and is the longest river in the world
Khent
Flow Upstream
Khed
Flow Downstream
Memphis
Capital of Egypt when Narmer ruled it
Valley of The Kings
Valley of hidden tombs of the pharaohs
Nomarch
Governor of ancient Egypt
Nome
Province
Giza
City in Egypt that had several pyramids including the Cyros pyramids
Dynasties
A long line of Royal family and Egypt has 31 of them, which the first one was started by Narmer
Egyptian Calender
365 days like the US calendar and was based on the flooding of the Nile
Battle of Kadesh
Hitties vs Ramses II, and was first ever battle recorded and Ramses won
Ka
Soul
Rosetta Stone
A stone with 3 languages on it (hieroglyphs, modern Egyptian, and Greek)
Mummification
The process of drying out bodies to prevent rotting, so that a persons ka or soul could be recognized in the afterlife
Book of Dead
Songs/Hymes/Prayers/Spells were read to guide soul after death
Papyrus
Paper like sheets made from split reeds
Sphinx
Statue with human face, and cats body
Hieroglyphs
Ancient Egyptian form of writing
Pharaoh
Egyptian God/kings who were viewed as the God Horus
Pyramid
A large triangle structure made to protect the tombs of the dead pharaohs
Excavation
The digging of something out of the earth
Verbatim
Word for Word
Length of mummification
Took 70 days to complete
Jean Francois Champollion
Decipher of the Egyptian hieroglyphs
Hyksos
Conquerers of Egypt
Narmer/Menes
King to reunite upper and lower Egypt
Khufu
Built great pyramids of Egypt
King Tut
His tomb was found without anything being stolen or ransacked
Howard Carter
Excavator of Tuts tomb in 1922
Akhenaton
Started monotheism in Egypt
Nefertiti
Wife of Akhenaton
Imhotep
Designed the first step pyramid
Shabtis
Pharaohs servants In the after life
Nephthys
Sister of Isis; goddess of woman and friend of the dead
Seth
God of storm, desert, chaos
Ptah
Egyptian national God and patron of arts and craftmanship
Hathor
Goddess of love, birth, and joy. Associated with the sky
Anubis
God of mummification. He weighed the heart of the dead with a feather and if lighter than the feather you
live in the after life and if heavier it gets eaten by Ammit
Amon Ra/Re
God of Sun
Re or Ra
Most important God of the old kingdom
Bastet
Represented by cats, offers protection
Osiris
God of dead and the Nile; most important God of the middle kingdom
Isis
Wife of Osiris, represented ideal wife, and mother
Horus
Falcon God of war, Sky, and hunting
Zoser
Had the first pyramid built for him in the Old Kingdom when he ruled
Amit
Devourer of souls
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