Creating the Constitution ch.8 vocab
Terms in this set (40)
Articles of Confederation
The first written plan of government for the United States. A confederation is an association of states that cooperate for a common purpose.
To formally approve a plan or an agreement. The process of approval is called ratification.
Having or relating to a system of government in which several states form a unity but remain independent in internal affairs.
A written plan that provides the basic framework of a government.
An agreement between countries covering particular matters, especially one less formal than a treaty.
A person sent or authorized to represent others, in particular an elected representative sent to a conference.
A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch. A representative is a person chosen or appointed to act or speak for another or others, in particular.
Branch of government
The division of government into executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
The legislative branch is made up of the two houses of Congress—the Senate and the House of Representatives. The most important duty of the legislative branch is to make laws. Laws are written, discussed and voted on in Congress.
The President is the head of the executive branch, which makes laws official. The executive branch also includes the Vice President and the cabinet which gives advice to the President about important matters.
The judicial branch oversees the court system of the U.S. Through court cases, the judicial branch explains the meaning of the Constitution and laws passed by Congress. The Supreme Court is the head of the judicial branch.
The national legislative body of a country, or a formal meeting or series of meetings for discussion between delegates, especially those from a political party or labor union or from within a particular discipline.
House of Representatives
The lower legislative branch in many national and state bicameral governing bodies, as in the United States, Mexico, and Japan.
The smaller upper assembly in the US Congress and most of the US states.
A plan, unsuccessfully proposed at the Constitutional Convention, providing for a legislature of two houses with representation proportioned on population of the state, and executive and judicial branches to be chosen by the legislature.
New Jersey plan
A plan, unsuccessfully proposed at the Constitutional Convention, providing for a single legislative house with equal representation for each state.
The plan of government adopted at the Constitutional Convention that established a two-house Congress. In the House of Representatives, representation from each state is based on stat population. In the Senate, each state is represented by two senators.
An agreement made at the Constitutional Convention stating that enslaved persons would be counted as three-fifths of a person when determining a state's population for representation in the House of Representatives.
The group established by the constitution to elect the president and vice president. Voters in each state choose their electors.
The choice expressed collectively by the electoral college, which determines the winner of elections for president and vice president in the US.
The president of the United States of America.
A statement attached to the beginning of the Constitution by the Constitutional Convention, declaring the purpose of the document.
The different clauses or bodies of the Constitution.
A distinct group within the Constitution.
The idea that the government's authority comes from the people.
A draft of a proposed law presented to congress for discussion.
The system of rules that a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and may enforce by the imposition of penalties.
Relating to issues with in a country./ Relating to issues outside of a specific country.
One of the 9 judges of the Supreme Court./ The judge that is in charge of the Supreme Court.
Of or relating to an established set of principles governing a state./ Not in accordance with a political constitution, especially the US Constitution, or with procedural rules.
A constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.
The supreme commander of the armed forces of a nation or, sometimes, of several allied nations.
In the US a body of advisers to the president, composed of the heads of the executive departments of the government.
Separation of powers
An act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
Checks and balances
Counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups.
An official count or survey of a population, typically recording various details of individuals.
An article added to the US Constitution.
To charge federal and public officials with misconduct.
Terms (in office)
A fixed or limited period for which something, office, imprisonment, or investment, lasts or is intended to last.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in 1791 and guaranteeing such rights as the freedoms of speech, assembly, and worship.