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63 terms

World Music ch 2 and 3

STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following is a generalization about African music-culture?
African music welcomes participation by everyone.
The Western scholars of African music, Koetting and Locke, thought the sounds the postal workers created:
sounded like music.
The political structure of the Ewe:
grows out of territorial divisions headed by a chief.
Agbekor originally functioned as:
war drumming.
Which of the following is not a function of the jalolu (griots) of Mande?
patrons for merchants
Where do the Mande live?
western Africa
Abubakari Lunna, the drummer of Dagbon, received his musical training through:
a master-apprenticeship process.
The mbira is a(n):
idiophone.
Thomas Mapfumo's chimurenga music, "Be Ashamed":
is a praise song for warriors.
Which of the following is a dangerous distortion of the Forest People?
primitive savage
Mahgrib
One of two broad zones in the African continent. North of the Sahara Desert.
Sub-Saharan Africa
One of two broad zones in the African continent. Lies south of the Sahara.
Agbekor
War Dance of Ewe People
Atamuga
Oath taken by youth during Agbekor war dance to swear they'll be brave at war.
Ado
Short introduction only singing and dancing, then drums enter
Anlo
Group of Ewe people from famous oral tradition that escaped from a king and settled at the mouth of the Volta River. Means "cramped". Ghana.
Ewedome
Group of Ewe people that live in northern, inland Ghana.
Mawu
The Ewe supreme being. (God).
Se
Lesser God than Mawu, but still a divinity. Se is destiny and the maker and keeper of human souls.
Atsia
Dance and drum compositions used in Agbekor, means to show off or display.
Vutsotsoe
Fast drumming in Agebkor performed after Adzo.
Adzokpi
"Solos" dancing portion in the Agebkor.
Libation
Water and liquor that the elders poured on the earth to call the ancestors during the Agebkor.
Vulolo
Slow drumming. Processional section of Agekbor.
Gankogui
Ewe iron bell or gong.
Four-feel
Meter most significant to Ewe performers.
Ternary beat
Each beat in the four-feel meter has 3 quicker units within. (12/8)
Axatse
Ewe dried gourd covered with a net and strung with seeds.
Kaganu, Kidi, Kloboto, Totodzi
Ewe drums in descending order of relative pitch.
Lunsi
Performers that are members of a hereditary clan of drummers.
Gung-gong
A drum the Lunsi use. Cylindrical carved with a snare on each of its 2 heads.
Lunga
Lunsi drum made of cedarwood carved into an hourglass shape.
Salima
Praise name dances
"Nag Biegu"
Salima which means ferocious wild bull and praises Naa Abudu (King of Dagbon in late 1800s) bc he defeated an enemy leader in a fight.
Mbira
Thumb piano used by Shona people. Positive symbol of cultural identity for those that lost faith in ancestors during Rhodesia.
Rhodesia
Time period in which the British settlers took over Shonas land and economy.
Chimurenga War
War of liberation that birthday modern Zimbabwe. (Shona)
Spirit Mediums
Leaders in war against white privilege.
Mapira
Ritual where the Shona spirits take over the living.
Hosho
Gourd rattles used by Shonas.
Nhemamusasa
Shona war song that means cutting branches that was played for Chaminuka. When marching to war, theyd cut branches and make a tent shelter called a musasa.
Chaminuka
Powerful Shona spirit that protects entire Shona nation.
Mbira Dzavadzimu
Shona musical pieces with 2 interlocking parts; Kushuara( primary) and Kitsinhira (interwoven second part).
Chimurenga
Music about the war of Rhodesia and rallied support for the cause.
"Nyarai"
Shona praise song recorded after government came to power in Zimbabwe.
Forest people, or Pygmies
BaAke people.
3 distinct styles of Shona music
Mahonyera(vocables), Kudeketera(poetry), and Huro(yodeling)
Eboka
BaAka performance event.
Mabo
BaAka type of dance and music associated with net hunting.
Jalou
Performers of the Mande ethnic tradition.
Horon
Mande descendents of the freeborn.
Jong
Mande slave descendent.
Nyamalo
Mande craft specialist among the horon.
Sula
Mande non-specialists, patrons of Jalolu.
Who is responsible for introducing world music to America?
Mantle Hood, UCLA, 1961.
The study of music in its socio-cultual context, in which equal attention is paid to musical sound, idea and musical behavior is known as
Ethnomusicology
Enculturation means
A process of imbibing a culture throughout ones life.
The Navajo word Ndaa stands for
The collective name of popular war songs and dances.
Nightway
Yeibichai, healing, ancestors, mask dancing and impersonation, 9 nights and healed on last night by dance, purification by sweat and vomit, prayer, and sand painting.
Enemyway
Shizahnee, I am in luck. Hozoo, curing from war or away, stick receivers, courtship, gifts, 4 days.
Hozhoo
Navajos harmony with Nature.
Sioux Grass Dance
War dance, Omaha, Grass=slain enemies, idiophones (rattles and drums).
Agbekor
Ewe war dance, youth takes bravery oath, elders pour libation to call ancestors.