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16 terms

Intro Sociology Chapter 4 &5

STUDY
PLAY
True
Some social statuses including master status, are negative which makes the status symbol accompanying them also negative
studied non-observance
A face saving technique where all parties involved in an embarrassing situation ignore it and continue their conversation or interaction as through the embarrassing situation never happened
sign vehicles
When we communicate information about ourselves, we use the social settings, our appearance, and manners to make impressions on others. Erving Goffman referred to these methods as
Thomas theorem
If people define situations as real, they are real in their consequences. This classic statement is known as the
True
The difference between role and status is that we occupy a status but we play a role
True
Although social structure acts as a major control mechanism to preserve order, it has little to do with what we actually do, feel or think.
status
the position that someone occupies in a social group
dramaturgy
an approach, pioneered by Erving Goffman, in which social life is analyzed in terms of drama or the stage; also called dramaturgical analysis
microsociology
analysis of social life that focuses on social interactions
master status
a status that cuts across other statuses that an individual occupies
status inconsistency
ranking high on one dimension of social and low on others
Gemeinschaft
a type of society in which life is intimate; a community in which everyone knows everyone else and people share a sense of togetherness (intimate community)
mechanical solidarity
Durkheims term for the unity that people feel as a result of performing the same or similar task
Gesellschaft
a type of society that is dominated by impersonal relationships, individual accomplishments and self-interest (impersonal association)
ethnomethodology
the study of how people use background assumptions to make sense out of life
thomas theorem
the definition of the situation