ANCIENT GREECE: Section 4 & 5, Glencoe World History
Terms in this set (26)
Athenians used this practice to protect themselves against overly ambitious politicians
organized system of thought
traveling teachers who argued that humans are not able to understand the universe and it was more important for individuals to improve themselves, developed the art of debate
philosopher who taught ethics
living life morally
student of Socrates, wrote "The Republic"
teaching method that uses question and answer format.
student of Plato, famous Greek philosopher who studied natural science by recording observation and experimentation, developed the concept of LOGIC
admirer of Greek culture and brought Greece under the control of Macedonia after the Peloponnese War
Alexander the Great
king of Macedonia, son of Phillip I, conquered the Persian Empire and unified Greece after Peloponnese War
the spread of Greek culture to Egypt, Persia, etc. during Alexander the Great
the Greeks consulted this to know the will of gods
How did the physical geography of Greece affect the Greeks?
It prevented contact with other civilizations and resulted in city-states that developed rival independent cultures
A military state focused on the art of war
How did Cleisthenes create the foundation for democracy in Athens?
By giving the Athenian Assembly a central political role
What brought Sparta and Athens together as allies?
The threat of the Persian Empire attacking Greece
Who benefited from the power struggles of Athens and Sparta?
Philip II of Macedonia used the conflicts to break up and conquer Greece
a society that valued learning, thinking and the Arts
an alliance headed by Athens that says that all Greek city-states will come together and help fight the Persians
What event blinded the major Greek states to the threat from Macedonia?
The Great Peloponnesian War, because Sparta and Athens were too busy fighting each other that they didn't realize they were about to be conquered
Age of Pericles
the time during which Athenian democracy and power reached its greatest height
Why did Greeks start colonies?
They needed to find new farm land and resources to support the population.
What is the birthplace of democracy?
What was the effect of the defeat of Athens in the Peloponnesian War?
destruction of Athenian domination and the end of the classical Age (Age of Pericles)
central unit of Greek political and social life
writer of Greek tragedies, dramas