AP Government Unit 3
Terms in this set (40)
House Rules Committee
Determines the rules for debate of each bill, including whether the bill may be amended. This is the most powerful committee in the House.
the member of congress responsible for running a committee, who can have great influence over the committee agenda and, by extension, the legislative process.
when members of the congress take positions on certain issues and things so that they have a better chance of being re-elected.
A legislator who is an agent of the voters who elected him or her and who votes according to the views of constituents regardless of personal beliefs.
A law making body made of two houses (bi means 2). Example: Congress (our legislature) is made of two house - The House of Representatives and The Senate.
a system that gives the member of the majority party with the longest uninterrupted service on a particular committee the leadership of that committee
Congress' monitoring of the bureaucracy and its administration of policy, performed mainly through hearings
Baker v. Carr (1962)
"One man, one vote." Ordered state legislative districts to be as near equal as possible in population; Warren Court's judicial activism.
Presidential custom of submitting the names of prospective appointees for approval to senators from the states in which the appointees are to work.
A congressional voting procedure that consists of members answering "yea" or "nay" to their names.
National security council
a committee in the executive branch of government that advises the president on foreign and military and national security
when a president kills a bill passed during the last 10 days Congress is in session by simply refusing to act on it
Federal spending of revenues. Major areas of such spending are social services and the military.
The authority of Congress to block a presidential action after it has taken place. The Supreme Court has held that Congress does not have this power
1972; Nixon feared loss so he approved the Commission to Re-Elect the President to spy on and espionage the Democrats. A security gaurd foiled an attempt to bug the Democratic National Committe Headquarters, exposing the scandal. Seemingly contained, after the election Nixon was impeached and stepped down
the president handles national crises, such as the Oklahoma City bombing during Bill Clinton's presidency and the September 11, 2001, attacks during George W. Bush's presidency.
War Powers Resolutions
The president can commit the armed forces only after: 1) declaration of war by Congress, 2) Specific statutory authorization, 3) national emergency created by an attack.
Council of economic advisors
an executive agency responsible for providing economic advice to the President
a formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
A congressional process through which program authorizations are revised to achieve required savings. It usually also includes tax or other revenue adjustments.
The ability of bureaucrats to make choices concerning the best way to implement congressional intentions
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle and the desire to create a nonpartisan government service
A phrase coined by Michael Lipsky, referring to those bureaucrats who are in constant contact with the public and have considerable administrative discretion.
Senior Executive Services
Since the late 1970s, a defined groups of approximately 75 hundred career professionals in the federal bureaucracy who provide continuity in the operations of the bureaucracy from one presidential administration to the next
General Schedule (GS) Rating
A schedule for federal employees, ranging from GS 1 to GS 18, by which salaries can be keyed to rating and experience. The longer you work the more you can make
the idea that hiring should be based on entrance exams and promotion ratings to produce administration by people with talent and skill.
regulations originating from the executive branch. Executive orders are one method presidents can use to control the bureaucracy.
When responsibility for a policy is dispersed among several units within bureaucracy.
Standard operating procedures
Rules that lower-level bureaucrats must follow when implementing policies.
regulatory strategy that rewards individuals or corporations for desired types of behavior, usually through the tax code.
The fourth-ranking member of the Department of Justice; responsible for handling all appeals on behalf of the U.S. government to the Supreme Court.
how and whether court decisions are translated into actual policy, thereby affecting the behavior of others; the courts rely on other units of government to enforce their decisions
the reason for a court's judgment (as opposed to the decision itself)
someone involved in a lawsuit
(civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisions
a requirement that to be heard a case must be capable of being settled as a matter of law rather than on other grounds as is commonly the case in legislative bodies
a ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case
The judicial interpretation of an act of Congress. In some cases where statutory construction is an issue, Congress passes new legislation to clarify existing laws.
The branch of law dealing with the definition and enforcement of all private or public rights, as opposed to criminal matters.
United States jurist who served as an associate justice on the United States Supreme Court from 1972 until 1986, when he was appointed chief justice (born in 1924)