Unit 1 Review
Terms in this set (34)
Two House Legislature, precedent from England. The U.S. Congress is bicameral (Senate and House of Representatives).
Articles of Confederation
this document, the nations first constitution, was adopted by the second continental congress in 1781during the revolution. the document was limited because states held most of the power, and congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage
having to do with the national government
this conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Federal order that divided the Northwest Territory into smaller territories and created a plan for how the territories could become states and be governed.
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. Financial plan:
1. He advocated creation of a national bank
2.assumption of state debts by the federal government
3. a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population
New Jersey Plan
New Jersey delegate William Paterson's plan of government, in which states got an equal number of representatives in Congress
the agreement by which Congress would have two houses, the Senate (where each state gets equal representation-two senators) and the House of Representatives (where representation is based on population).
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
agreement at the constitutional Convention that 3/5 of the slaves in any state be counted in its population
official approval. ratification of the Constitution would not have happened without adding the Bill of Rights.
a member of a former political party in the United States that favored a strong centralized federal government
a person who opposed a strong national government
The Federalist Papers
This collection of essays by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, explained the importance of a strong central government. It was published to convince New York to ratify the Constitution.
Bill of Rights
Added at Ratification of the Constitution . The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
basic principle of American government which states that government is restricted in what it may do, and each individual has rights that government cannot take away
Seperation of Powers
dividing the powers of government among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power.
a change in, or addition to, a constitution or law
the part of the Constitution that permits Congress to make any laws "necessary and proper" to carrying out its powers and respond to change.
customs, traditions, practices not written in constitution that are part of our system of government
a vote that blocks a decision
Colonies served interest of mother country through importation of its raw materials -> Exportation > importation. Mother Country obtaining large amounts of gold and silver by selling more goods than they bought
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
House of Burgesses
1619 - The Virginia House of Burgesses formed, the first legislative body in colonial America. Later other colonies would adopt houses of burgesses.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
first constitution of colonial america; from connecticut; called for power of government to derive from the governed
Proclamation Line of 1763
Stated that no colonists could settle in lands to the west of the Appalachian mountains-- made the colonists very upset
Newspaper publisher who criticized royal governor of New York. Arrested for libel but was found not guilt in 1735. Seen as a victory for Freedom of the Press, making colonists speak out more freely against the royal policies.
the convention of United States statesmen who drafted the United States Constitution in 1787. Major issue was representation
a previous occurrence used as a guide. tradition
writs of assistance
It was part of the Townshend Acts. It said that the customs officers could inspect a ship's cargo without giving a reason. Colonists thought it violated their rights of property being searched
Marbury V Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
McCulloch V Maryland
Maryland was trying to tax the national bank and Supreme Court ruled that federal law was stronger than the state law
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
STAAR Study Cards List #5 Government/ Citizenship
US History Unit 3 Vocabulary
Chapter 5 History
US History Unit 1 Vocab
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
A New Nation
Unit 1 Test
Late 20th Century Movements