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15 terms

Grammar - Types of Phrases

Different types of phrases
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phrase
a group of related words used as a single part of speech, noun, adjective, and adverb, and does not contain a subject and its verb
prepositional phrase
a group of related words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun (o.p), contains all modifiers of the o.p.
adjective phrase
a prepositional phrase that describes a noun or pronoun
adverb phrase
a prepositional phrase that describes a verb, adjective, or another adverb
verbal
a verb form used as another part of speech; noun, adjective, adverb
participle
a verb form that ends in -ing, -ed, -d, -t, or -n and used as an adjective
gerund
a verb form that ends in -ing and is used as a noun
infinitive
a verb form usually beginning with (to) and used as a noun, adjective, or adverb
appositive
a noun or pronoun that usually follows the noun or pronoun that it explains, identifies, or refers to
participle phrase
a verbal phrase which contains a participle and all of its complements and modifiers
gerund phrase
a verbal phrase which contains a gerund and all of its complements and modifiers. It can be used as a s., d.o., i.o., p.n., o.p
infinitive phrase
a verbal phrase which contains an infinitive and all of its complements and modifiers
infinitive clause
consists of an infinitive with a subject and all complements and modifiers of the infinitive. The entire clause is used as a noun
appositive phrase
a phrase that contains a noun or pronoun with its modifiers and usually following another noun or pronoun
verbal phrase
contains a verbal and all of its complements and modifiers