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government mindtap questions 7,8
Terms in this set (46)
According to the text, the Texas Senate has, like the House, produced rather ________ results.
The ________ , which provides research support, information and bill-drafting assistance to legislators, is made up of six senators, the chair of the House Administration Committee, five other representatives, and the lieutenant governor and speaker.
The ________ has broad authority for strategic, long-range planning, bill analyses, and policy-impact analyses of education, criminal justice, and financial policies.
Legislative Budget Board
The first bill placed on the senate calendar each session is called a ________ , which is usually a bill that will never be considered by the full senate.
A ________ committee is an ad-hoc committee that resolves differences between House and Senate versions of a bill.
Senator Jones is part of a committee that considers bills and performs bureaucratic oversight in the area of agriculture. Senator Jones is part of ________ committee.
a substantive standing
________ standing committees regulate the flow of legislation, pass resolutions, and conduct investigations.
Funds raised and spent for a campaign to become Texas Speaker of the House are part of the public record and all expenditures greater than ________ must be reported.
Which of the following statements regarding the Texas lieutenant governor is true?
The lieutenant governor has extensive legislative, organizational, procedural, administrative, and planning authority.
Which of the following occupations is the MOST frequently represented profession in Texas legislative bodies?
business owners or executive
Which group is by far the MOST underrepresented group in the Texas legislature?
Which of the following accurately describes minority representation in the Texas legislature?
Most Latino legislators are Democrats, but the number of Latino Republicans is growing.
If the legislature in Texas wanted to achieve descriptive representation, it would need to
elect representatives that reflect constituents' ethnic and social characteristics.
The federal Voting Rights Act once required Texas to
receive preclearance for its newly drawn districts.
Which gerrymandering technique attempts to diffuse concentrated political party voters among several districts so that their votes within any one district are negligible?
Should the Texas legislature fail to redistrict, the state constitution provides for the function to be performed by the
Legislative Redistricting Board
The term used to reflect the redrawing of district and precinct lines following the national census to reflect population changes is
What was the Supreme Court's ruling in the case of Reynolds v. Sims?
It required that legislative districts be approximately equal in population size
The legislative function of reviewing state bureaucratic agencies and closing them down if they are no longer viable for the state is called
Which of the following can be said regarding the short-term biennial sessions in Texas?
The short sessions often necessitate the need for 30-day special sessions.
A salary or per diem increase for legislators in Texas is determined by the
Texas Ethics Commission and the voters.
According to the text, the fact that legislators in Texas meet for only 140 days every other year and receive most of their income from outside sources helps to characterize the legislature in Texas as a(n) ________ legislature.
The text describes the function of the executive branch as
implementing public policies and basically doing what government does.
________ laws require that meetings of government bodies at all levels of government be open to the general public except when personnel, land acquisition, or litigation matters are being discussed.
Some reformers advocate a Texas administration patterned after ________ where the chief executive has the power to appoint and remove top administrators.
the cabinet system of the federal government
Electing executive officers to make the bureaucracy directly accountable to the people through the democratic process is known as
The most natural allies for an agency are its ________ , which are those that are directly affected by agency programs.
constituent or clientele interest groups
The rules and regulations written by administrators to implement public policy are known as
One of the most important state regulatory boards in the United States is the ________ , a constitutionally authorized elective board whose three members serve for overlapping six-year terms.
Texas Railroad Commission
The Texas Constitution outlines five important elective executive offices that are legally independent of the governor and are therefore responsible to the people rather than the governor. Which of the following executive officers is one of these offices?
Governors appoint ________ commissions consisting of influential citizens, politicians, and members of concerned special interest groups to help measure public reaction to proposals or to delay consideration of issues that may be politically uncomfortable.
________ power allows the governor to focus the attention of the press, legislators, and citizens on legislative proposals that he or she considers important.
Which of the following statements about special sessions is TRUE?
The governor may call as many special sessions as he or she wants.
Which informal legislative power can be used by the governor as a tool of persuasion to influence bureaucrats and help the governor shape legislation while it is still in the legislature?
the threat of veto
Which of the following usually has budget power that is more influential than the governor's?
the Legislative Budget Board
If the state of Texas suffered a natural disaster, the governor may act as the "voice of the people" by requesting federal aid. In this case, the governor would be acting as
chief of state.
It can be said that the governor possesses ________ appointive power to boards and commissions, and ________ powers of removal.
Senators have some influence over appointments from their districts due to senatorial
One of the governor's most powerful formal legislative tools is ________ , a power which allows the governor to stop a bill from becoming law.
Because their job is to provide a liaison between the office of the governor and the legislature, which individuals serve as the governor's lobbyists?
Which of the following statements regarding the governor's salary is TRUE?
The governor's salary is considerably higher than the salaries paid to legislators.
n the event that the governor is removed or vacates office, who then becomes governor for the remainder of the elected term?
The lieutenant governor becomes governor for the remainder of the elected term.
Impeachment is the legislative equivalent of which of the following?
More than one-half of the governors who have served since 1900 have been
Based on past elections, a person with which of the following characteristics would have an edge in a Texas gubernatorial election?
an Anglo Protestant
Which of the following statements BEST describes the power of the Texas governor?
A long-serving governor with the support of powerful interest groups can wield a dominant influence over the enactment and implementation of public policy.