5th Grade Science Chapter 2 Test

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Terms in this set (...)

Vertebrates
Animals with backbones.
Mammals
Warm-blooded vertebrates that produce milk.
Mammals
Warm-blooded vertebrates that breathe with lungs.
Mammals
Warm-blooded vertebrates that have at least some hair.
Mammals
Most have 4 limbs.
Mammals
Give birth to live young.
Habitat
A particular area where an animal prefers to live, such as a meadow, swamp, or forest.
Social Animals
An animal that lives in small or large groups with others of the same kind.
Warm-Blooded
Animals designed to maintain a relatively constant body temperature regardless of the temperature of their environments.
Hibernate
When mammals sleep during the cold months and survive on the stored fat in their bodies.
Blubber
A layer of fat under the skin that whales and dolphins have to keep them warm and to help them float.
Wool
A very thick, curly hair found on domestic sheep.
Mammary Glands
A milk-producing gland in female mammals. They only produce milk as long as the young are nursing.
Marsupials
A mammal that gives birth to live offspring which finish developing in a special pouch.
Marsupial
Kangaroo
Marsupial
Koalas
Marsupial
Opossums
Duckbill Platypus and Echidna
Only mammals that are not born alive. They hatch from an egg and are only found in Australia.
Rodents
Gnawing Mammals
Rodents
Largest group of mammals
Rodents
Mice
Rodents
Rats
Rodents
Squirrels
Rodents
Guinea Pigs
Rodents
Special incisors designed to gnaw on hard objects like nuts, seeds and woods.
Herbivores
An animal that eats plants.
Rabbits
Not rodents but they have large upper and lower incisors that they can use to gnaw food. The do have two smaller incisors just behind their upper incisors that rodents do not have.
Nocturnal
Active only at night.
Insectivore
An insect-eating animal.
Insectivore
Shrew
Insectivore
Moles
Insectivore
Hedgehog
Insectivore
Bats
Bats
The only mammals that fly.
Carnivores
Flesh eating animals
Carnivore
Dogs
Carnivore
Wolves
Carnivore
Fox
Carnivore
Coyotes
Purebred
An animal whose mother and father are of the same breed
Instinct
An inherited behavior pattern, one which the animal is born with.
Intelligence
The ability to learn a behavior pattern
Pack
A group of 8 to 20 wolves that travel and live together.
Fox
The smallest and most widespread of all the wild dogs, have sharp, pointed faces with large ears and long, bushy tails.
Scavengers
Animals which eat other animals which have already died.
Felines
Name given to all members of the cat family.
Lions
Live in family groups called prides.
Lions
They are the only cat with a mane and a tuft of fur at the end of its tail.
Cheetah
The fastest land animal on earth.
Polar Bears
Has a thick layer of blubber under its skin which acts like a rubber wetsuit by insulating its body from the icy acetic waters.
Giant panda
Live in bamboo forests because that is what they love to eat
Musk
A strong smelling substance produced by members of the weasel family including skunks.
Primates
A tree-dwelling mammal having 5 fingers, hands that are designed for grasping, and nails instead of claws on its fingers and toes.
Apes
Primates without tails.
Ape
Gorilla
Ape
Gibbon
Ape
Orangutan
Ape
Chimpanzee
Mountain Gorilla
Larges of the apes and it live in East Africa.
Silberbacks
Older male gorillas with gray hair on there backs
Chimpanzees
Best know of the apes. Very intelligent creatures and make good show animals.
Chimpanzees
Have been used for medical and psychological tests.
Chimpanzees
Have gone to space
Monkeys
Have tails.
Spider Monkey
New world monkey, Has a tail which is as sensitive as a person's fingertips.
Capuchin
A new world monkey being trained to help people whose arms and legs are paralyzed.
Horse
Man's best helpers
Horse
In the early years before cars they were used for farming, hunting, transportation, communication, war and exploration.
Frog
The padded cushion on the bottom of the horses foot.
Foal
A newborn horse
Mare
Mother horse
Stallion
Father horse
Colt
Male foal
Filly
Female foal
Mule
A cross between a male donkey and a female hors; it looks like a larger version of a donkey.
Ruminants
Animals which chew the cud
Bovids
Cattle, sheep and goats are called this.
Cattle
About half of the world's meat comes from cattle.
Moose
Largest deer
Antlers
Are what male deer have instead of horns. The shed in the winter.
Pack
...
Carnivores
...
Insectivore
Bats