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World History Chapter 4 Test: Settling the West
Terms in this set (56)
Rich deposit of pure silver ore discovered by Henry Comstock located in "Six-Mile Canyon"
At first, seen as a threat by ranchers because it kept their herds from roaming freely
Gave land to homesteaders if they lived on it for five years
One approach to farming on the Great Plains was where farmers would plant seeds deep into the ground. What was this called?
1890s, cause many farmers to lose their mortgaged land/homes (due to drop in market prices)
Attempted to help Native Americans by giving them free land for farming
Mexican cowboys who taught their trade to American cowboys
fencing of the open range resulted in the end of....
long cattle drives
The army encouraged the killing of buffalo in order to ...
force Native Americans onto reservations
The confrontation at Wounded Knee occurred because the chief's followers performed a ritual called the...
reversed the previous policy of assimilation
Indian Reorganization Act
This occurred as a result of poverty, caused by annuities payments not being received
Dakota Sioux Uprising
In the period from 1860 to 1890, this experience was share by most Native Americans living in western states
being forced to live on reservations
The passage of the Homestead Act and the completion of the transcontinental railroad helped to fulfill the United States commitment to...
In the late 1800s, the goal of the Federal Government's policy toward Native American Indians was to
destroy tribal bonds and weaken Native American traditional cultural values
The building of the transcontinental railroad influenced the disappearance of....
buffalo and Native American traditional culture
"I am tired of fighting...Hear me, my chiefs. I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I shall fight no more forever!" - Chief Joseph, 1877. In this speech, he expressed his reluctant acceptance of a government policy forcing Native Americans to....
assimilate into American culture
The ____________________________________ that occurred between 1860 and 1890 were mainly the result of the movement of settlers onto the Great Plains.
The aim of this was to assimilate Native American Indians into American culture.
The purpose of this was to provide free federal land to encourage the settlement of the West
Homestead Act of 1862
The closing of the frontier and the growth of industry in the late 1800s are two factors often associated with the rise of United States...
The Homestead Act, the killing of buffalo, and the completion of the transcontinental railroad are most closely associated with the
decline of the Plains Indians
What technology had the greatest impact on patterns of settlement in the American west?
policy of Andrew Jackson's presidency
the forced relocation of Native Americans
Attracted farmers to the frontier by offering free land of 160 to farmers 21 years of age who would improve it within 5 years by building a house and farming
This made it easier to travel to/settle the west and helped attract more migrants to the west
led to the eventual destruction of buffalo
the major reason people migrated to the western U.S. during the 19th century
The invention of this transformed the economy of the American West in the 1870s and 1880s by aiding in the enclosure of the plains into farms and ranches, ending the era of the great cattle drives from Texas to railroads in Kansas and Nebraska
Lakota chief killed at Wounded Knee
Cavalry commander at Little Bighorn
Places were many jobs are available
Chief of the Nez Perce
Closed with the rapid settlement of western lands
self-appointed law enforcers
cattle that roamed wild on the grasslands of Texas
invention that helped end the cowboy lifestyle
journey of cattle across the Great Plains
to lose all of one's money; also another name for ghosts towns
a tract of public land available for settlement
name for people who plowed land on the Great Plains
Why did the army encourage the killing of buffalo?
to force Native Americans onto reservations
this confrontation occurred because of a ritual being performed that was said to review lost Native Americans, bring back the buffalo, and rid the nation of white man forever
people having no permanent abode(home), and who travel from place to place to find fresh game/food/pasture for livestock.
main source of food and livelihood for Native Americans during this time period
someone who lost their land but continued to work for its new owners by renting the land and farming it.
the main result of the movement of settlers onto the Great Plains
Lakota defied government orders and continued to perform the Ghost Dance.
Granted citizenship to all Native Americans born in the U.S.
absorb a group into a culture of a larger population
a plot of land assigned to an individual or family for cultivation (farming)
Indian Reorganization Act
reversed the Dawe's Act and restored some reservation land, gave Native American tribes control over those lands, and permitted them to elect tribal governments
The federal government's policy toward Native Americans was to destroy _________________ and weaken traditional ____________________________________
tribal bands, cultural values
make American in character or nationality (make them - Native Americans - just like us
Pacific Railway Act
gave land to the railroads to sell for funds to use for construction
Morrill Land Grant Act
gave land to states to build agricultural colleges
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