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5 Social Studies - WWII

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Adolph Hitler
leader of the fascist National Socialist German Workers' Party (known as Nazis) in Germany called Der Fuhrer...the leader
Nationalist Socialists
Nazis. (NC)
Nazis
German political party joined by Adolf Hitler, emphasizing nationalism, racism, and war. When Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933, the Nazi Party became the only legal party and an instrument of Hitler's absolute rule
Fascism
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
Dictator
A ruler who has complete power over a country
Benito Mussolini
head of the Italian Fascist party. Mussolini was known as El Duce and was leader of Italy, the first Fascist regime, during World War II.
Racism
the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other races
Joseph Stalin
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
Winston Churchill
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
Axis Powers
in World War II, the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed an alliance in 1936.
Allied Powers
France, Britain, USSR, United States, and China as well as 45 other countries that opposed the Axis powers in World War II
isolationism
a national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
Nationalism
the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other
Franklin Roosevelt
the 32nd president of the United States. He was president from 1933 until his death in 1945 during both the Great Depression and World War II. He is the only president to have been elected 4 times, a feat no longer permissible due to the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution.
Pearl Harbor
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
homefront
the places where civilians are active when their country is at war.
mobilize
To prepare for war
draft
A law requiring people of a certain age to serve in the military
Rosie the Riveter
symbol of American women who went to work in factories during the war
newsreel
a short film and commentary about current events
internment camp
camp for political prisoners or prisoners of war
D-Day
Planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris
Normandy
where the Allies land on June 6, 1944, D-Day
Dwight D. Eisenhower
leader of the Allied forces in Europe during WW2--leader of troops in Africa and commander in DDay invasion-elected president-president during integration of Little Rock Central High School
V-E Day
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
aircraft carrier
a large warship that carries planes and has a long flat deck for take-offs and landings
Battle of Midway
naval battle of World War II (June 1942)
Navajo Code Talkers
Navajo soldiers in the Pacific used their own language as a code for sending vital messages. Hard to understand.
Harry Truman
elected Vice President in Roosevelt's 4th term
Atomic Bomb
bomb dropped by an American bomber on Hiroshima and Nagasaki destroying both cities
Hiroito
emperor who ruled for the longest time peroid ruled during
Nagasaki
a city in southern Japan on Kyushu
V-J Day
"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
Concentration Camp
a camp where prisoners of war, political prisoners, or members of minority groups are confined, typically under harsh conditions
Holocaust
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
Capitalism
an economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, esp. as contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth.
Market Ecomony
a system where business owners and customer make decisions about what to make, sell and buy
Communism
a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
Iron Curtain
a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eatern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
Berlin Aircraft
operation that moved supplies into West Berlin by American and British planes during a Soviet blockade in 1948-1949
Berlin Wall
a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
Arms Race
a competition between nations to have the most powerful armaments
Nuclear War
a war in which powerful nuclear weapons are used.
United Nations (UN)
an organization of the world's countries that promotes peace and security around the globe
Joseph McCarthy
United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists
Douglass McArthur
He was the supreme allied commander during the Cold War in 1945. After World War II, MacArthur was put in charge of putting Japan back together. In the Korean War, he commanded the United Nations troops. He was later fired by Harry Truman for insubordination.
Korean War
The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
Fidel Castro
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)
John F. Kennedy
president during part of the cold war and especially during the superpower rivalry and the cuban missile crisis. he was the president who went on tv and told the public about hte crisis and allowed the leader of the soviet uinon to withdraw their missiles. other events, which were during his terms was the building of the berlin wall, the space race, and early events of the Vietnamese war.
Cuban Missle Crisis
The Soviet Union was secretly building nuclear missile launch sites in Cuba, which could have been used for a sneak-attack on the U.S. The U.S. blockaded Cuba until the U.S.S.R. agreed to dismantle the missile silos.