How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

315 terms

Greek and Latin Root Words Lessons 1-16 - Master Set

Greek and Latin root words lessons 1-16 - master set. Good luck; it's a massive set.
STUDY
PLAY
Mikros
Small
Microbe
An organism invisible to the naked eye, especially one that causes disease
Microcosm
A miniature world; something that resembles something else on a very small scale
Minuo, Minuere, Minui, Minutum
To lessen
Minus
Less
Minuscule
Extremely small
Minutia
A small or trivial detail
Tenuo, Tenuare, Tenuavi, Tenuatum
To make thin
Tenuis
Thin
Attenuate
To make slender or small
Attenuate (2)
To weaken; to reduce in force or value
Tenuous
Thin in form
Tenuous (2)
Flimsy; having little substance or validity
Satis
Enough
Satiate
To satisfy an appetite fully; to gratify to excess
Impleo, Implere, Implevi, Impletum
To fill
Plenus
Full
Comply
To do as one is asked or ordered
Implement
A tool or utensil
Implement (2)
To carry out; to put into effect
Replete
Well-stocked or abundantly supplied
Replete (2)
Completely filled; utterly satisfied
Expletive
An exclamation or oath, especially obscene
Copia
Plenty
Copious
Plentiful; in large amounts
Makros
Large
Macrocosm
The universe
Macrocosm (2)
Any great whole
Magnus
Great
Magnanimous
Noble and generous, especially in forgiving; not petty
Magnate
A wealthy, influential person, especially in business
Magnitude
Greatness of importance or size
Magnitude (2)
The degree of brightness of a star
Megas
Great
Megalomania
A form of madness in which a person has exaggerated ideas of his or her own importance
Megalomania (2)
An obsessive idea to do things on a grand scale
Poly
Many
Polygamy
The system of having more than one spouse at a time
Polygon
A flat shape with many straight sides
Ante
Before
Antebellum
Of a period before a war, especially the American Civil War
Antecedent
A thing or event that precedes
Antecedent (2)
The noun to which a pronoun refers
Anterior
Coming before in position or time
Avant-garde
Ahead of the times, especially in the arts
Avant-garde (2)
A group that is ahead of the times
Vanguard
The foremost position, especially of an army or fleet
Vanguard (2)
Leaders of a movement, fashion, etc.
Pre
Before
Precept
A command; a rule of conduct
Predestination
The belief that what happens in human life has already been determined by some higher power
Preempt (Pre-empt)
To take possession of something before anyone else can do so
Premonition
A warning in advance
Preposterous
Absurd; contrary to nature or reason
Pretentious
Showy; pompous; claiming unjustified distinction
Primus
First
Premier
First in time or importance
Premier (2)
A prime minister or head of state
Primate
An archbishop or bishop who ranks highest among others
Primate (2)
A member of the order of animals that includes monkeys, apes, and humans
Prime
First in rank, excellence, quality, importance, or time
Prime (2)
Chief; most important
Primeval
Belonging to the first ages; ancient
Primordial
Primeval; original; fundamental
Post
After
Posterior
Situated behind of at the back
Posterior (2)
The buttocks 8)
Posterity
Future generations
Posterity (2)
A person's descendants
Posthumous
Occurring or continuing after death, especially a work published after the author's death or a child born after the father's death
Ars
Art
Artis
Art (2)
Artifact
An object made by human beings; often refers to a primitive tool or other relic from an earlier period
Artifice
Craftiness; trickery
Artifice (2)
Cleverness; skill
Artless
Without deceit or cunning; natural; simple
Artless (2)
Crude; ignorant; uncultured
Artisan
A skilled craftsperson
Aoide
Song
Ode
A poem usually addressed to a particular person, object, or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet
Parody
A humorous imitation of a piece of literature or music
Parody (2)
To mimic a style, plot, or idea for comic effect
Rhapsody
Speech or writing expressing great pleasure or enthusiasm
Canto (Also Cantare, Cantavi, Cantatum)
To sing
Incantation
The chanting or speaking of words seeming to have magical power or used to create a magical spell
Recant
To take back a formal statement or belief previously made known
Pingo (Also Pingere, Pinxi, Pictum)
To paint; to embroider
Depict
To paint, draw, or express in a picture or sculpture
Depict (2)
To describe; to picture in words
Pictograph
A picture or drawing representing words or ideas
Cresco (Also Crescere, Crevi, Cretum)
To grow; to increase
Accrue
To coma as a natural increase or advantage
Crescendo
A gradual increase in sound, often referring to music
Excrescence
Abnormal growth or outgrowth
Facio (Also Facere, Feci, Factum)
To make
Beneficence
Doing good or causing good to be done; kindly action
Efficacious
Effective as a means or remedy
Facile
Acting, working, or proceeding with ease; fluent
Facsimile
An exact copy of a book, painting, document, etc.
Fetish
An object believed to possess magical power
Faction
A group or clique within a larger group, party, or government
Faction (2)
Conflict within an organization or nation
Mollify
To calm; to make gentler or softer in feeling
Texo (Also Texere, Texui, Textum)
To weave
Context
The parts before or after a word or statement that influence its meaning
Context (2)
The circumstances surrounding an event or situation
Pretext
A false reason put forward to conceal the true one
Trans
Across
Transgress
To go beyond or over set limits; to break a rule
Transitive
Describing an action carried from subject to verb to object; needing a direct object to complete the meaning of the verb
Transitory
Lasting for only a short while
Translucent
Permitting light to pass through, but not transparent
Ambience
Environment; the surrounding atmosphere
Eo (ire, ivi, itum)
To go
Obituary
Notice of a death with biographical information
Transient
Passing quickly; transitory
Transient (2)
Staying only a short time
Transient (3)
A person or thing having a short stay
Erro (Errare, Erravi, Erratum)
To wander, to stray
Aberration
Straying from what is normal or accepted
Erratic
Irregular or inconsistent in movement, habit, quality, or ideas
Hodos
Journey
Episode
An incident in a person's life or in a story or play
Exodus
Mass departure or emigration
Exodus (2)
The departure of the israelites from Egypt with their leader moses
Iter (itineris)
Journey
Itinerant
Traveling from place to place, especially to perform some duty or work; transient
Itinerant (2)
A person who travels from place to place
Itinerary
A route of travel
Itinerary (2)
A plan or record of a journey
Venio (Venire, Veni, Ventum)
To come
Advent
Arrival or coming into being
Advent
The period beginning four weeks before xmas; the birth of christ
Circumvent
To avoid; to evade by cleverness
Circumvent
To avoid by passing around
Convene
To assemble especially for a meeting
Intervene
To occur between events or periods
Tele
At a distance
Telepathy
Communication from one mind to another without speech writing or other sensory means
Via
Way
Deviate
To turn aside from a course, norm, pattern, or subject
Devious
Winding; roundabout
Devious (2)
Underhanded; deceptive
Impervious
Not penetrable by light rays, moisture, etc.
Impervious (2)
Incapable of being influenced or affected
Celer
Swift
Accelerate
To cause faster movement; to go faster
Celerity
Swiftness; quickness; speed
Curro (Currere, Cucurri, Cursum)
To run
Cursor (Cursoris)
Runner
Concur
To agree; to cooperate
Concur (2)
To conicide; to happen simultaneously
Discourse
Conversation
Discourse (2)
A formal discussion of a subject in speech or writing
Discourse (3)
To talk; to discuss formally in speech or writing
Incur
To meet with; to run into; to bring upon oneself
Precursor
Forerunner
Succor
Help in time of distress
Succor (2)
To render help to
Glomus
Ball
Conglomeration
A collection of unrelated things
Jacio (Jacere, Jeci, Jactum)
To throw
Abject
Humiliating and miserable
Abject (2)
Contemptible
Conjecture
An opinion formed from inconclusive evidence; a guess
Conjecture (2)
To conclude from insufficient evidence
Interjection
A word or phrase sometimes inserted between other words, often expressing emotion; a word not linked grammatically to other words in a sentence
Ejaculate
To say something suddenly and briefly; to exclaim
Ejaculate (2)
To eject sharply
Salio (Salire, Salui, Saltum)
To jump
Salio (Salire, Salui, Saltum (2))
To leap
Assail
To attack violently; to assault
Assail (2)
To attack with words; to ridicule or criticize harshly
Desultory
Jumping from one thing to another; rambling
Desultory (2)
Haphazard or random
Exult
To rejoice greatly; to be triumphant
Resilient
Capable of returning to the original shape after being bent or stretched
Resilient (2)
Buoyant; recovering quickly from illness, change, or musfortune
Salient
Conspicuous; striking
Salient (2)
Projecting up or out
Valeo (Valere, Valui, Valitum)
To be strong
Convalesce
To recover health after illness
Avail
To use to one's own advantage
Prevalent
Widely occurring or in general use
Valor
Heroic courage; bravery
Volvo (Volvere, Volvi, Volutum)
To revolve
Evolve
To develop gradually
Evolve (2)
To change from a simpler to a more complex form of animal or plant life
Voluble
Speaking in a steady, easy flow of words; talkative; glib
Apis
Bee
Apiary
A place where hives or colonies of bees are kept for their honey
Asinus
Ass
Asinine
Having the characteristics of an ass; stupid; obstinate
Avis
Bird
Aviary
A house, enclosure, or large cage for birds
Bos (Bovis)
Cow
Bos (Bovis)(2)
Ox
Bovine
Having the quality of a cow or ox: sluggish, dull, or stupid
Canis
Dog
Canine
Member of the family of dogs
Canine (2)
Pertaining to the family of dogs, and especially the qualities associated with them
Caper (Capra)
Goat
Caper
A playful hop, leap, or skip
Caper (2)
A prank or wild escapade
Caprice
A sudden impulse, whim, or unmotivated change of mind
Capricious
Subject to whim; impulsive; unpredictable or fickle
Equus
Horse
Equine
Pertaining to a horse; belonging to the family of horses, asses, and zebras
Equitation
Th art of riding horses
Equestrian
Pertaining to a rider of horses, or skill in riding
Felis
Cat
Feline
A member of the family of cats, lions, tigers, and jaguars
Feline (2)
Belonging to the cat family; having characteristics of a cat, such as gracefulness and independence
Leo (Leonis, Leon)
Lion
Leonine
Pertaining to a lion; having characteristics of a lion, such as fierceness and majesty
Lionize
To regard or treat a person as a celebrity
Piscis
Fish
Piscine
Typical of fish
Porcus
Swine
Porcus (2)
Pig
Porcus (3)
Hog
Porcine
Pertaining to or resembling a pig
Serpens (Serpentis)
Serpent
Serpens (Serpentis)(2)
Snake
Serpentine
Resembling a serpent in form of movement: sinuous; winding
Simia
Monkey
Simia (2)
Ape
Simian
Pertaining to or resembling an ape or monkey
Simian (2)
An ape or monkey
Ursa
Bear
Ursine
Pertaining to or characteristic of a bear
Zoion (Plural Zoa)
Living being
Zoion (Plural Zoa)
Animal
Zoology
The science dealing with animals (also used as an adjective)
Pan
All
Pandemonium
A wild uproar, din, or commotion
Panacea
Cure-all
Omnis
All
Omnipotent
All-powerful, having unlimited power or authority
Omnipresent
Present everywhere
Omnivorous
Eating every kind of food; eagerly taking in everything, having a wide variety of tastes
Holos
Whole
Catholic
Universal, including most things; referring to the Roman Catholic church
Holocaust
A great destruction, especially by fire
Holocaust (2)
Murder by the Nazis of over 6 million Jews and millions of other people during World War II
Totus
Whole
Totalitarian
Referring to a form of government in which one person or party holds absolute control
Claudo (Claudere)
To close
Cloister
A covered walk along the inside walls of a building, usually looking out on a courtyard
Cloister (2)
A monastery or similar place of religious seclusion
Cloister (3)
To seclude, as in a monastery
Preclude
To prevent, to make impossible
Recluse
A person who avoids mixing with people
Inceptum (Incipio)
To begin
Inception
The beginning of something
Incipient
In its early stages; beginning
Nihil
Nothing
Annihilate
To destroy completely
Nihilism
The total rejection of religious or moral beliefs
Nego (Negare)
To deny
Negate
To disprove; to nullify
Negate (2)
To rule out, to cancel, to repeal
Renegade
One who deserts a group, cause, faith, etc.
Renegade (2)
An outlaw; like a renegade, traitorous
Vanus (Vaccus)
Empty
Vacuous
Empty, especially of meaning or purpose
Vanity
Conceit, especially about one's appearance
Vanity (2)
Something worthless or useless; a dressing table
Vaunt
To brag about, to boast
Apertum (Aperio)
To open
Aperture
An opening, especially one that admits light
Overt
Done or shown openly
Monos
One
Monologue
A long speech made by one performer or by one person in a group
Monarch
A person who rules a kingdom or empire; a king or queen, emperor or empress
Monarch (2)
A large black and orange American butterfly.
Monogram
A design composed of letters, usually the first letter of a name
Monopoly
Exclusive control of the trade in some item or service
Monopoly (2)
Sole ownership or control of anything
Monolith
A large block of stone
Monolith (2)
A large organization that acts as a single unit
Unus
One
Unanimous
Being in complete agreement
Unilateral
One-sided; done by or affecting one person, group, or county, etc., and not another
Duo
Two
Duplex (Root)
Twofold
Duplex
A dwelling with two living units
Duplicate
To make an identical copy or double of something; to repeat
Bi
Two
Bilateral
Having two sides
Bilateral (2)
Made between two persons or groups
Bipartisan
Involving two political parties
Bisect
To divide into equal parts
Tri
Three
Tres
Three (2)
Trilogy
A group of three literary or musical works that have a related theme
Trisect
To divide into three parts
Triumvirate
A group of three, especially in authority
Quartus
Fourth
Quatuor
Four
Quadrant
A quarter of a circle or of its circumference
Quadrant (2)
An early machine for measuring altitudes
Quadrant (3)
Any of the four parts of an area divided by perpendicular lines
Quartet
A musical composition for four voices or instruments
Quartet (2)
A set of four, especially of four musicians
Quatrain
A stanza or group of four lines of poetry
Decem
Ten
Decimate
To destroy a large part of
Decimate (2)
To kill one in every ten
Decathlon
An athletic contest in which each contestant takes part in ten events
Centum
Hundred
Bicentennial
A two-hundredth anniversary
Bicentennial (2)
Happening every 200 years
Centenary
Pertaining to a 100-year period
Centigrade
Referring to a thermometer scale of 100 degrees where water freezes at 0° and boils at 100°