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They encouraged intermarriage between Chinese and Manchus

Which of the following was NOT an action of the Manchus after conquering China?

stressed Chinese traditions from the era before the Mongol Yuan dynasty

In an effort to stabilize China internally, the Ming emperors

the foremost scholar of Neo-Confucianism

Zhu-Xi was


According to Confucian tradition, the most honorable class among peasants, artisans, and merchants was the

east Asian societies largely controlled their own affairs until the 19th century

After the arrival of the Europeans

finished the process of unifying Japan

In 1600, Tokugawa Ieyasu

was limited and under tight governmental control

Foreign trade during the Qing Dynasty

a reduction in status for the samurai and daimyo

One of the results of the peace brought by the Tokugawa period was

The Ming dynasty began to collapse because of his refusal to meet with government officials

it was during the reign of Emperor Wanli that

of Christianities exclusivity (?)

The Chinese were hesistant to convert to Christianity because

patriarchal authority over females became tighter than ever

during the Ming and Qing dynasties,


In 1368 the Ming Dynasty replaced the _______ dynasty.

followed the same pattern that the Ming dynasty had established

In regard to the ruling philosophy and techniques, the Qing dynasty

the scholar-bureaucrats

With the exception of the emperor and his family, the most exhalted members of Chinese society were

the chinese emperor's role in maintaining order over the earth

The phrase "son of heaven" refers to


The ming dynasty was founded by

the governments favored political and social stablility technological innovation

China fell behind technologically during the Ming and Qing dynasties because

open vibrant trade with Europe

Begining in the 1630's and enduring for the next two centuries, Japanese foreign policy included all of the following EXCEPT

carried out expansive journeys of overseas exploration

Zheng He

"the floating worlds"

The word sakoku refers to


The Islamic leader who abolished the jizya was


Which of the following rulers displayed the greatest amount of religious tolerance?

converted it to the mosque of Aya Sofya

The Ottomans took the Byzantine cathedral Hagia Sophia and

nomadic, Turkish speaking tribes

The Ottoman, Safavid and Moghul empires all originally came from

non-muslims who recieved the status of protected people

In the Islamic world, the dhimmi were

a concubine who had tremendous influence over Suleyman the Magnificent

Hurrem Sultana

a collapse in the centuries old civil service examination system

Which of the following factors was not one of the reasons that explains the decline of the Islamic empires?

to create a syncretic religion called the "divine faith" that all could worship

Akbar's answer to religious diversity and tension of India was

Shah Jahan

The Mughul ruler who constructed the Taj Mahal

bloody competition among heirs to the throne

The steppe tradition which caused the greatest greatest problem for the Islamic empires was

non-muslims in an Islamic country

The jizya was the tax paid by

hinduism and islam

Sikhism was a syncretic combination of

the ottomans defeated the Safavids

At the battle Chaldrian in 1514

outlawed tobacco and coffee

because of protest from the moralists, the ottoman sultan

Muslim religious warriors

The word "Ghazi" refers to

Mehmed II

The ottoman ruler who captured constantinople was

the twelfth infalliable imam was still alive and would return to spread his faith

the central belief of the twelver shiism was the idea that

allowed russian lords to sell serfs as if they were private property

The law code of 1649

by conspiring with the russian nobles to displace her feeble husband

Catherine the Great came to the Russian throne

retained control of their dowries after marriage and so had a measure of financial independence

in regards to gender relations, Russian women

western europe

peter the great drew most of his inspiration for reforming Russia from

St. Petersburg

Peter the Great's "window to the west" was

Catherine the Great

The Russian tsar who said "I have to write on human skin, which is much more ticklish" was


For most of Russia's history the main political, religious, cultural influence came from

Ivan the Great

The Russian leader who began the "gathering of the Russian land" was


In the 1230's the old russian capital of Kiev was overrun by

left the Russian Orthodox church even more under the control of the tsar

The great seventeenth century religious schism in Russia

Mikhail Romanov

In the year 1610 _______ started a dynasty that lasted until the 20th century

Ivan IV

The bloody "time of troubles" followed the death of

peasants that Ivan III sent into recently conquered lands

The cossacks were

Catherine the Great

The intelligentsia developed during the reign of


In an effort to facilitate his policy of centralization, Ivan VI chose a new aristocracy called the

the boyars

In the opinion of Ivan VI, the cheif obstacle to imperial centralization

Vitus Bering

The navigator ________ explored the Arctic ocean and northern Asia as far as Kamchatka


In the days after the fall of Constantinople, many Russians viewed ______ as the "third rome"

political liberalization

Which of the following was not part of Peter the Great's policy of westernization?


The most important southern trading city in Russia, which was central to trade with the ottoman, the safavid, and the mughal empires was


The leader of the Safavid empire at its peak was


The Ottoman institution that provided Balkan slaves for the formation of the Janissaried was the


the founder of the Mughal dynasty and the descendant of Chingis Khan and Tamerlane was

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