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a government in which the state owns most of the property, regulated the economy, and runs most of the industry
a period whereby many people became fearful of anyone who might be a communist or a threat to the US freedom
the first source of mass communication and entertainment available to people in their own homes
this became a popular form of music after WWI; originated in New Orleans, audience was mainly blacks and young whites
a trumpet player and singer from New Orleans was among the most noted jazz musicians
he wrote memorable pouty, short stories about the black experience that reminded blacks of their African heritage
a rebirth of mainly literate of black artists in Harlem during the 1920's; Langston Hughes, Zora Neal Hurston were key artists of this era
Tin Pin Alley
various music houses in NYC where songwriter and musicians composed and published songs hoping to get their big break
one of the most famous musicians and songwriters associated with Tin Pin Alley; most famous hit was "White Christmas"
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
this agency built hydroelectric dams to create jobs and brought jobs and cheap electricity to parts of the south (Southern Appalachian areas)
Huey P. Long
one of FDR's harshest critics; he wanted a redistribution of wealth and a guaranteed income of $2000 per year for every US family
National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)
aka the Wagner Act; this law protected workers right to join unions
Social Security Act (SSA)
passed in 1935; this act established retirement income for all workers once they reached the age of 65; provided benefits to certain unemployment workers
court packing scheme
in this scene, the president proposed enlarging the Supreme Court from nine to as many as fifteen judges; this would allow him to pack the court with justices favorable to his programs
this act prohibited the sale of weapons to warring nations and was meant to keep the US from forming alliances that might drag the US into war
she was one of the most impactful first ladies; she worked for the rights of women and minorities and she worked hard on the domestic front
A. Philip Randolph
this black leader proposed a march on Washington to protest racial discrimination in the military and the war industries
Soviet leader who signed the Non-Aggression Pact with Hitler; established the "5 year plan"
Battle of Britain
this was an air battle that took place as the German air force launched an air attack against the Royal Air Force; which the British were saved by the new invention of radar
under this act, the president found send aid to any nation whose defense was considered vital to the Us national security; the country could defer the payments until later
the US Naval fleet was anchored at this location whereby it was bombed by Japanese forces in 1941
the US, Great Britain, Soviet Union, and a total of 26 nations who stood together in defeating the Axis
Jews and other prisoners were immediately put to death or forced to provide slave labor before finally being executed or dying of disease or starvation
after Pearl Harbor, the Japanese attacked this Us held territory in the Pacific; drove McArthur out, who vowed to return
Bataan Death March
forced to walk 60 miles to trains waiting to carry them to prisoner-of-war camps, many of the prisoners died from injuries, sickness and harsh conditions
Battle of Midway
June 1942, proved to be the turning point in the war; boosted the morale of the US Pacific forces and allowed the US to finally go on offense in its war with Japan
attacked and conquered one group of islands then moved on to the next as its forces made their way to Japan
War Production Board (WPB)
this board redirected raw materials and resources from the production of civilian consumer goods to the production of materials needed for waging war against Germany and Japan
these gardens gave people a chance to help in the war effort by planting their own gardens
Rosie the Riveter
described a woman who worked in the factory a a riveter while her boyfriend served in the military; served as a symbol of those women who entered the workforce
the idea that government should not regulate business or try to manipulate the market but let the market adjust
a series of storms in the early 1930's that hit the Midwest causing enormous clouds to be created by the high winds
this economic disaster lasted more than a decade and remains the greatest crisis in US history (1929-1941)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
he won the presidential elect in 1932; became the democratic president what introduces the New Deal
first 100 days
during this time, roosevelt pushed program after program through Congress in an effort to provide economic relief and recovery
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
established in 1933,this agency provided employment for unmarried men and women between the ages of 17 and 23; providing employment in national parks and forest areas
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
passed in 1933, this act approved government loans to farmers and paid them not to grow certain crops in order to increase the price of agricultural products
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
established in 1933, insured bank deposits up to $100,000 in the event of bank failures
National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)
passed in 1933, sought to increase industrial prices and prevent Us business failures
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