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73 terms

Unit 7- WWI&II

STUDY
PLAY
Warren G. Harding
republican president at the start of the 1920's; slogan was "return to normalcy"
socialists
a government in which the state owns most of the property, regulated the economy, and runs most of the industry
communism
a system in which people in society cooperate and own property mutually
"Red Scare"
a period whereby many people became fearful of anyone who might be a communist or a threat to the US freedom
Palmer Raids
suspected communist and people perceived to be a threat were arrested and jailed
mass production
this concept truly set Ford apart from most innovators of his time (assembly line)
radio
the first source of mass communication and entertainment available to people in their own homes
radio and movies
two of the most important developments in media
jazz
this became a popular form of music after WWI; originated in New Orleans, audience was mainly blacks and young whites
Lewis Armstrong
a trumpet player and singer from New Orleans was among the most noted jazz musicians
Langston Hughes
he wrote memorable pouty, short stories about the black experience that reminded blacks of their African heritage
Harlem Renaissance
a rebirth of mainly literate of black artists in Harlem during the 1920's; Langston Hughes, Zora Neal Hurston were key artists of this era
Tin Pin Alley
various music houses in NYC where songwriter and musicians composed and published songs hoping to get their big break
Irving Berlin
one of the most famous musicians and songwriters associated with Tin Pin Alley; most famous hit was "White Christmas"
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
this agency built hydroelectric dams to create jobs and brought jobs and cheap electricity to parts of the south (Southern Appalachian areas)
Huey P. Long
one of FDR's harshest critics; he wanted a redistribution of wealth and a guaranteed income of $2000 per year for every US family
National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)
aka the Wagner Act; this law protected workers right to join unions
Social Security Act (SSA)
passed in 1935; this act established retirement income for all workers once they reached the age of 65; provided benefits to certain unemployment workers
Revenue Act of 1935
this law raised taxes on those making above $50,000 a year
court packing scheme
in this scene, the president proposed enlarging the Supreme Court from nine to as many as fifteen judges; this would allow him to pack the court with justices favorable to his programs
Neutrality Act
this act prohibited the sale of weapons to warring nations and was meant to keep the US from forming alliances that might drag the US into war
Eleanor Roosevelt
she was one of the most impactful first ladies; she worked for the rights of women and minorities and she worked hard on the domestic front
Adolf Hitler
came to power in Germany; known as the Fuhrer, established the Nazi Party
Benito Mussolini
came to power in Italy; IL Deuce invaded Ethiopia and established fascism
Axis Powers
consisted of Italy, Germany and Japan
A. Philip Randolph
this black leader proposed a march on Washington to protest racial discrimination in the military and the war industries
Fair Employment Act
this act prohibited discrimination in the national defense industry
WWII
this event began September 1, 1939, after Germany invaded Poland
Joseph Stalin
Soviet leader who signed the Non-Aggression Pact with Hitler; established the "5 year plan"
Battle of Britain
this was an air battle that took place as the German air force launched an air attack against the Royal Air Force; which the British were saved by the new invention of radar
Lend-Lease Act
under this act, the president found send aid to any nation whose defense was considered vital to the Us national security; the country could defer the payments until later
Pearl Harbor
the US Naval fleet was anchored at this location whereby it was bombed by Japanese forces in 1941
December 7, 1941
the date of Pearl Harbor where President Roosevelt said it would live in infamy
internment camps
camps designed to detain those of Japanese dissent (Japanese-Americans)
Allied Powers
the US, Great Britain, Soviet Union, and a total of 26 nations who stood together in defeating the Axis
D-Day
the allied invasion of Normandy, France; official name was Operation Overlord
Berlin
the spring of 1945, this key city fell which lead to HItler's fall
Holocaust/concentration camps
Jews and other prisoners were immediately put to death or forced to provide slave labor before finally being executed or dying of disease or starvation
Philippines
after Pearl Harbor, the Japanese attacked this Us held territory in the Pacific; drove McArthur out, who vowed to return
Bataan Death March
forced to walk 60 miles to trains waiting to carry them to prisoner-of-war camps, many of the prisoners died from injuries, sickness and harsh conditions
Battle of Midway
June 1942, proved to be the turning point in the war; boosted the morale of the US Pacific forces and allowed the US to finally go on offense in its war with Japan
island hopping
attacked and conquered one group of islands then moved on to the next as its forces made their way to Japan
Manhattan Project
the making of the atomic bomb by Oppenheimer and other scientists
Los Alamos, New Mexico
location of the atomic bomb labs
Harry S Truman
became president after Roosevelt's death; made the decision to drop the atomic bomb
Enola Gay
B29 bomber which dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan
V-J Day
the name given for Victory over Japan Day
War Production Board (WPB)
this board redirected raw materials and resources from the production of civilian consumer goods to the production of materials needed for waging war against Germany and Japan
victory gardens
these gardens gave people a chance to help in the war effort by planting their own gardens
rationing
the government could control how certain resources were distributed
Rosie the Riveter
described a woman who worked in the factory a a riveter while her boyfriend served in the military; served as a symbol of those women who entered the workforce
laissez faire
the idea that government should not regulate business or try to manipulate the market but let the market adjust
speculation
goal is to make high risk investments in hopes of making large returns on their money
buying on the margin
buying stock for only a portion of what it cost
consumerism
the practice of people buying and consuming products
overproduction
when the market has more of a product than consumers want
under consumption
caused by consumers not buying the products
drought
a shortage of rain
Dust Bowl
a series of storms in the early 1930's that hit the Midwest causing enormous clouds to be created by the high winds
Black Tuesday
October 29, 1929, a state whereby the stock market crashed
Great Depression
this economic disaster lasted more than a decade and remains the greatest crisis in US history (1929-1941)
Herbert Hoover
US president at the onset or beginning of the Great Depression
soup-kitchens/breadlines
these provided food for the poor, mainly in the cities
Hoovervilles
makeshift shacks and shantytowns named to show their negative view of the president
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
he won the presidential elect in 1932; became the democratic president what introduces the New Deal
New Deal
new legislation and programs introduced by Roosevelt and Congress
direct (federal) relief
federal government helping those hurting form the financial crisis
first 100 days
during this time, roosevelt pushed program after program through Congress in an effort to provide economic relief and recovery
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
established in 1933,this agency provided employment for unmarried men and women between the ages of 17 and 23; providing employment in national parks and forest areas
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
passed in 1933, this act approved government loans to farmers and paid them not to grow certain crops in order to increase the price of agricultural products
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
established in 1933, insured bank deposits up to $100,000 in the event of bank failures
National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)
passed in 1933, sought to increase industrial prices and prevent Us business failures
Public Works Administration (PWA)
this agency began a number of public works such as the construction of bridges, highways, and dams