American History ch. 4-6
Terms in this set (38)
What was one consequence of the acts listed below, passed by congress during the civil war years?
Federation Legislation Passed during the Civil War:
•National Banking Act
•Morrill Land Grant Act
•Pacific Railway Act
Post-war economic growth of the Northeast and west
How did the patent system encourage inventiveness?
It guaranteed an inventor sole rights to the use of his or her invention for a limited time
Which inventor predicted that, "The day is coming when telephone wires will be laid on to houses just like water and gas- and friends will converse with each other without leaving home," by using his invention?
Alexander Graham Bell
Which entrepreneur is NOT correctly paired with his field?
John D. Rockefeller: telecommunications
These steps are all performed by a single company.
Hog Farms-> Slaughterhouse and preparing pork-> Transporting pork products to a national market via refrigerated railroad cars
What best describes this diagram?
What was the significance of the passage of the interstate commerce act(1887) and the Sherman antitrust act(1890)?
They established the principle that congress could regulate business in certain circumstances
Which African-American inventor is credited with over 50 patents on lubricating systems for steam engines?
What would a comparison of the First and Second Industrial Revolutions show?
Both saw improvements in transportation but a truly national market only emerged in the second
Which invention was patented in 1885 by Sarah Goode, the first African-American woman ever to receive a U.S. patent?
A fold away bed
Which identifies an accomplishment of Thomas Edison and his team of researchers at Menlo Park, New Jersey?
The first practical light bulb
How were Americans influenced by the growth of railroads during the second Industrial Revolution?
Railroads created time zones, the growth of cities, and the first truly national market
The diagram below compares two industrial revolutions.
First Industrial revolution: •introduction of steam power •First factories Both:
•increased production •increased use of machinery
Second industrial revolution:
Which phrase completes the diagram?
New methods of telecommunication
What goal motivated Henry Flagler to build the Florida East Coast Railway?
To bring tourists to the luxury hotels he had built along the Florida coastline
What conclusion can be reached about the United States in the early 1880s?
Some American critics felt workers were being oppressed by business monopolies
What was not a problem faced by most American factory workers in the late 19th century?
Demanding hiring requirements
What was the primary goal of the Federation of labor in the certificate of affiliation?
To obtain better conditions for workers in its affiliate unions
What tactic was sometimes used by management to resist the demands of labor?
What was an important consequence of the Haymarket riot?
Decline of the Knights of labor
What happened in 1892?
Homestead strike at Carnegie's stealworks
What did government leaders generally sympathize with business owners against labor in the late 19th century?
Government leaders received money from business and also believed in laissaz-faire
How were the homestead and Pullman strikes similar?
Both ended in important defeats for organized labor
What factors contributed to a shift in population?
Better jobs in industry attracted farmers and farm laborers to cities
What was a consequence of the rapid growth of cities in the late 1800s?
The rapid growth of tenements and ghettos
Which useful function was served by the political machines of the late 1800s?
They assisted in the social and political assimilation of immigrants into the community
The statement below was made by a 19th century immigrant to the United States. " my family was lucky. We survived the progrom in our village in Russia. The Tsarist Government acted in support of these anti-Jewish attacks. We had a cousin in Chicago who sent us enough money to pay for our passage by steamboat to America." Based on the statement, why did her family immigrate to the United States?
Religious persecution push them out of Russia
How did new immigrants differ from old immigrants?
Most of them spoke very little English
Why were immigrants from southearn and eastern Europe in the late 19th century welcomed by industrialist?
The immigrants were willing to work for lower wages than most other workers
This Steiger provides details about the late 19th century America.
• Night classes about American history
• Community center programs on democracy in America
• classes taught in English in public schools
Which title completes the diagram?
Programs for Americanization
Which group most favored the passage of the Chinese exclusion act in 1882?
Nativists on the West Coast
How did the experiences of Chinese immigrants differ from those of the new immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe?
They could not own property, testify in some state courts, or become citizens
How did many nativists feel about the rapid influx of immigrants between 1870 and 1900?
They feared that the immigrants might take their jobs for lower wages
What was the primary purpose of the facility on Ellis Island in 1904?
Processing immigrants who mainly came from Southern and Eastern Europe
What was the goal of people v. hall, US naturalization act, Chinese exclusion act, and gentleman's agreement?
To keep Asian immigrants out of American society
What was not a problem faced by farmers in the late 19th century?
Rising city populations were willing to pay higher prices for food
What to me and was made in the populist party platform of 1892?
A graduated income tax
The excerpt below is from a long enacted by Congress in 1887.
Section 4. That it shall be unlawful for any common carrier subject to the provisions of this act to charge or receive any greater compensation in The aggregate for the transportation of passengers or of like kind of property, unders of substantially similar circumstances and conditions, for a shorter than for a longer distance over the same, in the same direction, the shorter being included within the longer distance...
Why did Congress pass this law?
The Supreme Court had overruled state laws prohibiting unjust practices by interstate railroads
The excerpt below is from William Jenning Bryan's speech at the democratic convention in 1896.
Having behind us of producing masses of this nation in the world, supported by the commercial interests, the laboring interest, and the toilers ever having behind us of producing masses of this nation in the world, supported by the commercial interests, the laboring interest, and the toilers everywhere, we will answer their demand for a gold standard by saying to them : " you shall not pressed down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns ; you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold."
Based on the speech, what did Brian demand and his subsequence campaign for the presidency?
A policy of the bimetallism that would help farmers by raising crop prices
What was the purpose of the grange movement?
To break the rule isolation of farmers and represent their interests