Americas History Henretta 8th Edition Chapter 11 Key Terms
Terms in this set (33)
Word coined by Alexis de Tocqueville in 1835 to describe Americans as people no longer bound by social attachments to classes, castes, associations, and families. (p. 346)
Pre-Civil-War literary movement that was related to Transcendentalism, it began with Thoreau and Emerson, and included other writers such as Whitman and Fuller. A literary explosion during the 1840s inspired in part by Emerson's ideas on the liberation of the individual. (p. 346)
A nineteenth-century intellectual movement that posited the importance of an ideal world of mystical knowledge and harmony beyond the immediate grasp of the senses. Transcendentalists Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau called for the critical examination of society and emphasized individuality, self-reliance, and nonconformity. (p. 346) Belief first voiced by Emerson that everyone has an inherent spiritual connection with nature, without need for churches, and which believed n the power of intuition.
Communities founded by reformers and transcendentalists to help realize their spiritual and moral potential and to escape from the competition of modern industrial society. (p. 349)
A system of social and economic organization based on the common ownership of goods or state control of the economy. (p. 351)
Christian movement of the 1830s that believed people could achieve moral perfection in their earthly lives because the Second Coming of Christ had already occurred. (p. 352)
The religion of members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, founded by Joseph Smith in 1830. After Smith's death at the hands of an angry mob, Brigham Young led many followers of Mormonism to lands in presentday Utah in 1846. (p. 352)
Popular theatrical entertainment begun around 1830, in which white actors in blackface presented comic routines that combined racist caricature and social criticism. (p. 356)
The social reform movement to end slavery immediately and without compensation that began in the United States in the 1830s. (p. 357)
An informal network of whites and free blacks in the South that assisted fugitive slaves to reach freedom in the North. (p. 362) Harriet Tubman, a system that helped enslaved African Americans follow a network of escape routes out of the South to freedom in the North
A term for racial mixing and intermarriage, almost universally opposed by whites in the nineteenth-century United States. (p. 364)
A procedure in the House of Representatives from 1836 to 1844 by which antislavery petitions were automatically tabled when they were received so that they could not become the subject of debate. (p. 365)
A term used by historians to describe the nineteenth-century view that men and women have different gender-defined characteristics and, consequently, that men should dominate the public sphere of politics and economics, while women should manage the private sphere of home and family. (p. 367)
A term referring to the assertion by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and other female abolitionists that traditional gender roles and legal restrictions created a form of slavery for married women. (p. 370)
married women's property laws
Laws enacted between 1839 and 1860 in New York and other states that permitted married women to own, inherit, and bequeath property. (p. 371)
Seneca Falls Convention
The first women's rights convention in the United States. Held in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848, it resulted in a manifesto extending to women the egalitarian republican ideology of the Declaration of Independence. (p. 371)
Ralph Waldo Emerson
American, anti-slavery transcendentalist who valued self-reliance and optimism, to name a few. He embodied the transcendentalist movement
Henry David Thoreau
1817-1862, An American writer and abolitionist who opposed the mexan war and used civil disobedience
American transcendentalist who became the literary critic of 'the New York Tribune' and traveled to Italy to report on the revolution of 1848. She was well educated.
1819-1892; American Transcendentalist writer and poet. He wrote 'Leaves of Grass', and was inspired by Thoreau
Founded Mormonism in New York in 1830 with the guidance of an angel. 1843, Smith's announcement that God sanctioned polygamy split the Mormons and let to an uprising against Mormons in 1844; translated the Book of Mormon and died a martyr.
Leader of a slave rebellion in 1831 in Virginia. Revolt led to the deaths of 20 whites and 40 blacks and led to the "gag rule' outlawing any discussion of slavery in the House of Representatives
An anti-slavery newspaper written by William Lloyd Garrison. It drew attention to abolition, both positive and negative, causing a war of words between supporters of slavery and those opposed.
An advocate for the mentally ill, she investigated the lives of those in insane asylums and was shocked by the horrible beatings and treatment they recieved. She persuaded the state legislature of Massachusetts to build a cleaner, more humane state mental hospital and expanded the movement to include other places in America and Europe.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
1852 novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe intended to shed light on the horrors of slavery in the south; Albeit racist, fostered sympathy for the abolitionist cause.
Declaration of Sentiments
(1848) a statement written and signed by women's rights supporters at the Seneca Falls Convention; detailed their beliefs about social injustice against women
American abolitionist and feminist. Born into slavery, she escaped in 1827 and became a leading preacher against slavery and for the rights of women., United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883)
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's rights advocate who spoke to congress in 1892, and described the reasons for equality.
Susan B. Anthony
Key leader of woman suffrage movement, social reformer who campaigned for women's rights, the temperance, and was an abolitionist, helped form the National Woman Suffrage Association.
Joseph Smith, Jr.
Founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (the Mormons).
Leader who guided 6,500 Mormons out of the United States to the Great Salt Lake Valley (today Utah, but then a part of Mexico)
explored the limits of individualism. emerged a scathing critic of transcendentalism. Wrote Moby Dick. It was a commercial failure. Material too dark
William Lloyd Garrison
Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
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