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33 terms

FSE2060 - Jewish Terms

This is the revised list of Jewish terms that coincide with Professor Deans Homework assignment. I still have the full list of terms (it has been removed from this group for congestive purposes)
STUDY
PLAY
Aron
Hebrew meaning "container". A coffin or casket made entirely of wood and containing no metal parts.
Bat Minen
A deceased female
Bimah
The portion of the synagogue or temple raised above the congregation seating.
Cantor
A religious singer who assists the rabbi.
Chevrah Kadisha
Hebrew meaning "Burial Society". Holy Brotherhood of men or women from a synagogue who care for the dead. (Often referred to as "washers" by laymen.)
Kever
The grave
Leyava
A funeral cortege.
Menorah
A candelabrum with a central stem bearing seven candles. The oldest symbol in judaism.
Mogen David
A hexagram formed by the combination of two triangles, symbolizing a new (Star of David) hope for the Jewish people.
Niftar
Deceased
Shalom
A word of many meanings: Good morning, Peace, Hello, Good-bye, Love, Until tomorrow, and Farewell.
Shivah
Seven days of mourning following burial.
Shivah Candle
A special candle which is burned during the seven days of mourning.
Shomer
The watcher (sitter) who remains with the body until burial.
Tehilim
Prayers from the Book of Psalms said before the funeral by a group of friends and the shomer.
Torah
The book of Law, instruction and learning.
Yamaka (Yarmulke, Kippah)
The skull cap worn by men at temple services and funeral services.
Yarhzeit (Mahzeit)
The anniversary of a death.
Yizkor
A memorial service recited four times a year.
Tachrichim for men
Seven (7) White linen garment without binding, hems, knots or pockets:
Mitznefes, Michnasayim, K'sones, Kittel, Gartel (Avnet),
Tallis, Sovev.
Mitznefes
headdress for male
Michanasayim
trousers with closed feet
worn by both male and female
K'sones
male - a shirt with sleeves
female - a blouse
Kittel
male - a robe with collar and sleeves
women - a long robe
Avnet, Gartel
a sash
worn by both male and female
Tallis
a prayer shawl
worn by male
Sovev
a small linen bag used as a headrest by the male
a linen sheet used by the female
Apron
worn by the female
Face cover
worn by the female
Tachrichim for women
Eight (8) white linen garments without binding, hems, knots or pockets:
Bonnet, Michnasayim, K'sones, Kittle, Gartel, Apron,
Face Cover, Sovev.
Bonnet
covering for hair, worn by the female.
Judaism
one god
ancient scriptures (Old Testament)
talmud (oral teachings of the Torah)
Three Jewish Religions
Orthodox - most conservative, ancient traditions and beliefs
Reform - greater flexibility, adapted modern practices
Conservative - somewhere between Orthodox and Reform, follow ancient traditions, have accepted gradual change