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Chapter 12 The Age of Jackson

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John Quincy Adams
6th Pres. of USA
Andrew Jackson
miltitary hero and 7th Pres.
Jacksonian democracy
political philosophy that puts its faith in the common people
spoils system
practice of giving gov. jobs to political supporters
Sequoya
cherokee who invented a writing system for the Cherokee Nation
Indian Removal Act
law that requires NAs to move west
Indian Territory
Area that is now Oklahoma and parts of Kansas and Nebraska to which NAs were moved
Trail of Tears
route the Cherokees were forced to travel from Georgia to Indian Territory
Osceola
Seminole who was an important leader in Second Seminole War
"Tariff of Abominations"
tariff of 1828
John C. Calhoun
Vice-Pres. and congressional leader from South Carolina
doctrine of nullification
belief that states could ignore federal laws that they did not like
Webster-Hayne debate
debate between Senators Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne over nullification
Daniel Webster
senate leader from Massachusetts
secession
withdraw from the Union
inflation
increase in prices and a decrease in the value of money
Martin Van Buren
8th Pres.
Panic of 1837
widespread concern about the state of the economy in 1837
depression
severe economic slump
Whig Party
party formed by opponents of Pres. Jackson
William Henry Harrison
9th Pres.
John Tyler
10th Pres.