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11 terms

Genetic Engineering Quiz Review

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In _____ _____, only animals with desired characteristics are allowed to produce the next generation.
selective breeding
Crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of both organisms is called _____.
hybridization
The continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics is called _____.
inbreeding
Biologists change the DNA code of a living organism through _____ _____.
genetic engineering
A _____ _____ cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides.
restriction enzyme
DNA fragments can be separated and analyzed by _____ _____.
gel electrophoresis
DNA molecules that are produced by combining DNA from different sources are called _____ _____.
recombinant DNA
A technique known as _____ is used to make many copies of a single gene.
PCR
A gene for antibiotic resistance may be used as a _____ _____, making it possible to identify a transformed cell.
genetic marker
A _____ organism contains genes from another species.
transgenic
A _____ is a member of a population of genetically identical cells produced from a single cell.
clone