15 terms

AP Psych-14-Stress and Health

Behavioral Medicine
the interdisciplinary field that applies behavioral and medical knowledge to the treatment of disease and the promotion of health.
Health Psychology
a subfield of psychology that studies how health and illness are influenced by emotions, stress, personality, life-style, and other psychological factors.
the process by which people perceive and react to stressors, or to events they perceive as threatening or challenging.
General adaptation syndrome (GAS)
the 3 stage sequence of bodily reaction to stress outlined by Hans Selye.
coronary heart disease
the leading cause of death in N. Am., results from the clogging of vessels that nourish the heart muscle.
Type A
personality is Friedman and Rosenman's term for the coronary-prone behavior pattern of competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people.
Type B
personality is Friedman and Rosenman's term for the coronary-resistant behavior pattern of easygoing, relaxed people.
Psychophysiological illness
any genuine illness such as hypertension and some headaches that is apparently linked to stress rather than a physical disorder.
2 types of white blood cells of the immune system that fight bacterial infections (B lymphocytes) and viruses, cancer cells, and foreign substances in the body (T lymphocytes).
refers to any effort to alleviate stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods.
Problem-focused coping
involves reducing stress by directly changing a stressor or how we interact with it.
Emotion-focused coping
involves reducing stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to the emotional reactions it triggers.
Aerobic exercise
any sustained activity such as running, swimming, or cycling that promotes heart and lung fitness and may help alleviate depression and anxiety.
refers to a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state.
Complementary and alternative medicine
a collection of health care remedies and treatments that have not been accepted by medical science or verified by controlled research trials.