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Q1 APUSH key terms and people Ch. SIX
Terms in this set (21)
French Protestant dissenters, were granted limited toleration under the Edict of Nantes. After King Louis XIV outlawed Protestantism in 1685, many fled elsewhere, including to British North America.
Edict of Nantes
Decree issued by the French crown granting limited toleration to French Protestants. Ended religious wars in France and inaugurated a period of French preeminence in Europe and across the Atlantic. Its repeal in 1685 prompted a fresh migration of Protestant Huguenots to North America.
coureurs de bois
Translated as "runners of the woods," they were French fur-trappers, also known as "voyageurs" (travelers), who established trading posts throughout North America. The fur trade wreaked havoc on the health and folkways of their Native American trading partners.
French fur-trappers who established trading posts throughout North America. The fur trade wreaked havoc on the health and folkways of their Native American trading partners.
King William's War
War fought largely between French trappers, British settlers, and their respective Indian allies. The colonial theater of the larger War of the League of Augsburg in Europe.
Queen Anne's War
Second in a series of conflicts between the European powers for control of North America, fought between the English and French colonists in the North, and the English and Spanish in Florida. Under the peace treaty, the French ceded Acadia (Nova Scotia), Newfoundland, and Hudson Bay to Britain.
War of Jenkin's Ear
Small-scale clash between Britain and Spain in the Caribbean and in the buffer colony, Georgia. It merged with the much larger War of Austrian Succession in 1742.
King George's War
North American theater of Europe's War of Austrian Succession that once again pitted British colonists against their French counterparts in the North. The peace settlement did not involve any territorial realignment, leading to conflict between New England settlers and the British government.
French residents of Nova Scotia, many of whom were uprooted by the British in 1755 and scattered as far south as Louisiana, where their descendants became known as "Cajuns."
French and Indian War
Nine-year war between the British and the French in North America. It resulted in the expulsion of the French from the North American mainland and helped spark the Seven Years' War in Europe.
Intercolonial congress summoned by the British government to foster greater colonial unity and assure Iroquois support in the escalating war against the French.
Trained professional soldiers, as distinct from militia or conscripts. During the French and Indian War, British generals, used to commanding experienced regulars, often showed contempt for ill-trained colonial militiamen.
Battle of Québec
Historic British victory over French forces on the outskirts of Québec. The surrender of Québec marked the beginning of the end of French rule in North America.
Bloody campaign waged by Ottawa chief Pontiac to drive the British out of Ohio Country. It was brutally crushed by British troops, who resorted to distributing blankets infected with smallpox as a means to put down the rebellion.
Proclamation of 1763
Decree issued by Parliament in the wake of Pontiac's uprising, prohibiting settlement beyond the Appalachians. Contributed to rising resentment of British rule in the American colonies.
Long-reigning French monarch who took a keen interest in colonization, sending French explorers throughout North America, establishing outposts in present-day Canada and Louisiana, and launching France to global preeminence. oversaw the construction of the magnificent palace at Versailles, from where he ruled until his death.
Samuel de Champlain
French soldier and explorer, dubbed the "Father of New France" for establishing the city of Québec and fighting alongside the Huron Indians to repel the Iroquois.
Hardheaded and imperious British general, whose detachment of British and colonial soldiers was routed by French and Indian forces at Fort Duquesne.
British parliamentarian who rose to prominence during the French and Indian War as the brilliant tactician behind Britain's victory over France.
Young British commander who skillfully outmaneuvered French forces in the Battle of Québec during the French and Indian War.
Ottawa chief who led an uprising against the British in the wake of the French and Indian War. Though initially routing British forces at Detroit, and his men succumbed after British troops distributed smallpox-infected blankets among the Indians.