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22 terms

Junior AP Tri 2 Final

AP Terms, Mr. Eldridge, 2012
STUDY
PLAY
Allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
Ambiguity
The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence, or passage.
Analogy
a similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them
antithesis
the direct opposite, a sharp contrast
Aphorism
a concise statement that expresses succinctly a general truth or idea, often using rhyme or balance
Apostrophe
a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction
Connotation
The non- literal, associative meaning of a word; the implied, suggested meaning. may involve ideas, emotions, or attitudes
Denotation
strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word, devoid of any emotion, attitude, or color (Example: the denotation of a knife would be a utensil used to cut; the connotation of a knife might be fear, violence, anger)
Didactic
means "teaching" have the primary aim of teaching or instructing, especially the teaching of moral or ethical principles
Euphemism
"good speech" a more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept. Example: "earthly remains" rather than "corpse"
Homily
"sermon" includes any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice
Invective
an emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language
Loose Sentence
a type of sentence in which the main idea (independent clause) comes first, followed by dependent grammatical units such as phrases and clauses. Front loaded
Metonymy
Substituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it Example: "the white House declared" rather than "the president declared"
Parallelism
phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other
Periodic Sentence
a complex sentence in which the main clause comes last and is preceded by the subordinate clause, it is end- loaded
Sarcasm
bitter, caustic language that is meant to hurt or ridicule someone or something. It may use verbal irony as a device.
Satire
A work that targets human vices and follies or social institutions and conventions for reform or ridicule. best seen as a style of writing rather than a purpose for writing
Syllogism
a three-part deductive argument in which a conclusion is based on a major premise and a minor premise ("All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore, Socrates is mortal.")
Synthesis
the combination of separate parts into a unified whole, Example: "Taste the pain" in the Red Hot Chili Peppers
Syntax
the manner in which words are arranged into sentences, The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences.
Understatement
the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.