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36 terms

the great gatsby

STUDY
PLAY
green light
hope, dream, desire
car
American status, wealth, accidents and carelessness
valley of the Ashes
corruption, destruction, and death
1. modern world waste from industry
2. materialism ruins wealthy people and others
3. moral values- sins such as adultery, breaking the law, lying, and murder, wasted marriages and lives
seasons
phases or changes on one's life
spring
fresh start west to east - Nick
summer
good times, parties, love, affairs, searching for dreams
fall
end of youth, dream gone, things fall apart, die of Jordan says that life starts over
Gatsby's schedule
hard work and study leads to American dream of adventure and money. Irony is that he completely deviates from this intent by illegally obtaining his money
movements west to east
all move west to east in hope of finding a better life, glamour, riches or escape (Gatsby, Daisy, Tom, Nick, Jordan). None succeed because all develop false values to adapt to lifestyle. Only Nick saves himself by returning to mid-west
west egg
new money, fast money, rages to riches immigrant stock, showy and vulgar, wannabes (Gatsby and Nick)
east egg
old money, inherited wealth of established families, snooty, upper crust, white palaces (Tom and Daisy)
Gatsby's shirts
enchanted objects obtained by excess wealth, more than necessary, waste
Parties
carelessness, low morals, vulgar behavior, drunkenness, wast trash, chaos, accidents
F. Scott Fitzgerald
born in 1896 in St. Paul, mn
married Zelda Sayre
goes to extravagant parties with Zelda
1925 publication of The Great Gatsby
Gatsby = man of "doubleness or twoness"
means he both loved and hated money, was attracted to rich, yet felt the falseness and hypocrisy of their lives
Jazz Age
also called "Roaring 20's" (1918-1929) - rapid change in manners and morals among younger generation (determined to have a good time and reckless parties) Jazz music originated in New Orleans. Prohibition (alcohol illegal) --> bootleggers prospered
Daisy Buchanan
beautiful, enchanting, unworthy object of dream, illusion of love with voice like money, hollow (like Zelda)
Tom Buchanan
hulk of a man, bigot, hypocrite, uses people, treates people like possessions, example of upper class values
Nick Carraway
first person narrator, observes at first, finally judges, develops full moral responsibility at age 30 (tuning point, loss of youth), represents the Midwest
Jordan Baker
draws Nick into story, friend of Daisy's, shows change in women during 1920's
Meyer Wolfsheim
gambler, part of organized crime, involved with Gatsby
George Wilson
trapped in hopeless situation, common man in material wasteland
Myrtle Wilson
mistress of Tom's trying to rise above station in life
Jay Gatsby
static character devoted to dream, symbol of American experience
Dan Cody
American archetype (original, model), romantic figure with money
Michaelis
owner of Greek restaurant next to Wilson's garage
Klipspringer
"boarder"; left over party guest; lives at Gatsby's house
Henry C. Gatz
Gatsby's father
James Gatz
Jay Gatsby's real name before he changed his name to Jay Gatsby
Owl Eyes
The drunk who Nick meets at the first party he attends at Gatsby's mansion. Nick finds Owl Eyes looking through Gatsby's library, astonished that the books are real.
Dr. T.J. Eckleburg
billboard of eyes with glasses looking down on the Valley of the Ashes. Represents God judging poor moral behaviors
Moral irresponsibility creates a moral wasteland
1. valley of the ashes- industry waste
2. wasted lives- Tom's affair, Daisy's affair destroys marriages and lives
3. Gatsby's illegal wealth and deception causes him to lose Daisy and to have no friends to mourn him
4. Jordan's cheating, lying, and carelessness causes her to lose Nick.
5. Drunkenness results in arguments, fights, chaos, tears, accidents, hurt, etc.
6. Daisy's lies and Tom's malice cause three deaths
Illusion vs. reality
1. Daisy is a money lover who uses others to retain her status. She appears to be "fairy like" and pure dressed in white. Her voice is beautiful, but manipulative. She is a beautiful fool.
2. Jay Gatsby's smile, clothes, house all appear to create a man of wealth and status. In truth, he's a lying gangster (bootlegger, Oxford only 5 months)
3. others: Tom, Jordan, Meyer Wolfshiem, and party-goers
themes
1. American idealism has been corrupted by adopting materialism as it means
2. moral irresponsibility creates a moral wasteland
3. the corruption of the American dream by selfish materialism (can no longer measure up to explorer's dreams)
4. illusion vs. reality (Gatsby's creation of his own history)
style
1. use of first person narrator for presentation rather than summary for key scenes
2. focus on a few scenes- tightly knit structure
3. juxtaposition of scenes for dramatic comparisons (parties, view of Gatsby, etc.)
4. Descriptive style-colors: white, green, gold and silver
5. religious imagery "grail," "sacred vigil," "worship at night," "Jacob's ladder"
6. epigraph on title page applies to Gatsby
the color white
PURITY and wealth