the part of the mind containing the drives present at birth; it is the source of our bodily needs, wants, desires, and impulses, particularly our sexual and aggressive drives
In psychoanalysis, the part of personality that represents reason, good sense, and rational self-control.
Develops around the age of 4 or 5, internalizes the values of ones parents and society. Operates according to morality, principle. Demands perfection and serves as ones conscience. Responsible for guilt pride, shame
contains thoughts, memories, and desires that are well below the surface of conscious awareness but that nonetheless exert great influence on behavior
Freud's theory regarding id's desire to maximize pleasure and minimize pain in order to achieve immediate gratification.
primary process thinking
Primary process thinking is thinking without the logical rules of conscious thought or an anchor in reality. Dreams and fantasies are examples of primary process thinking. Although primary process thought does not follow the normal rules of reality (e.g., in dreams people might fly or walk through walls), Freud believed there were principles at work in primary process thought and that these principles could be discovered.
secondary process thinking
In psychoanalysis, the form of thinking that is logical, organized, reality oriented and influenced by the demands of the environment
governing principle of the ego that takes into account what is practical and acceptable satisfying basic needs
the component of the superego that rewards the child by conveying a sense of pride and personal value when the child acts according to ideal standards approved by the parents