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26 terms

Producer, Consumer, Decomposer

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Carnivore
A consumer that eats only animals.
Community
A group of various species that live in the same habitat and interact with each other.
Consumer
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms.
Decomposer
An organism that feeds on and breaks down dead plant or animal matter.
Decomposition
The process of decaying, rotting, or breaking down.
Energy
The ability to move or change matter.
Energy pyramid
A way of showing how energy moves through a food chain.
Environment
The area in which something exists or lives.
Environmental factor
One part of the environment. An environmental factor can be nonliving, such as water, light, temperature, or chemicals, or living, such as a plant or an animal.
Food chain
The way food passes from one organism to another.
Food source
What an organism obtains its energy from.
Food web
Links all the food chains in an ecosystem together.
Fungi
A group of simple, plantlike animals that live on dead organic matter.
Habitat
The place where an Organism lives.
Herbivore
A plant-eating animal.
Niche
The role of an organism in its habitat, or how it makes its living.
Omnivore
An animal that eats both plants and animals.
Organism
Any living thing.
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants and some other organisms capture the energy in sunlight and use it to make food.
Predator
An animal that hunts and eats other animals.
Producer
An organism that can make its own food.
Primary consumer
An organism that feeds on all or part of plants or on other producers.
Secondary consumer
An animal that eats other animals. Carnivores are secondary consumers.
Scavenger
An animal that eats dead animals.
Tertiary consumer
A carnivore at the topmost level in a food chain that feeds on other carnivores; an animal that feeds only on secondary consumers.
Prey
An animal hunted for food, especially by a carnivorous animal.