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38 terms

Music Test 2 Terms

STUDY
PLAY
Top 40 Radio
another attempt to control the uncertainty of the marketplace, composed a list of songs to play repeatedly
payola
record companies paid DJs to put their records into "heavy rotation"
New Technologies
magnetic tape, FM radio, LPs, 45s, Television
magnetic tape
used in recording studios, higher quality sound
FM radio
frequency modulation, better sound than AM
LPs
long playing records, 12 in. discs, 20-25 min. on each side of record
45s
rpm, could be stacked and automatically went to the next one, like a singles playlist
television
helped artists gain national popularity
bobby soxers
thousands of teenage girls fans of Sinatra and the Goodman band
Billboard: a music trade journal
an advertisement that appeared in the music trade journal. first ratings of songs like the top 40
"R&B" and "Country & Western"
new terms used by Billboard as more dignified and up-to-date replacements for "Race" and "Hillbilly" respectively
WDIA, Memphis
first radio station dedicated exclusively to playing music for a black audience, featuring the popular blues musician and DJ BB King
covering a song
crucial to the increasing crossover success of black music in the 1950s
jump blues
the first commercially successful category of R&B, flourished during and just after WWII
rock 'n' roll
first used for commercial and generational purposes by DJ Alan Freed; derived from rocking and rolling (in R&B, often sexual implications), used to describe records
Alan Freed
DJ, got caught up in payola scandals, popularized the term "rock n roll"
cover version
two versions of the same song sang by two different artists; often white artists covering a black artist's song, whites sold more
the Twist
1st popular non-partner dance; teen-oriented rock n roll song in a 12-bar blues structure; celebrated a simple, hip-swiveling dance step that was gaining popularity among young blacks
Chubby Checker
2nd artist to come out with the Twist, made it very popular
American Bandstand
hosted by Dick Clark; teen-oriented, nationally broadcast tv show that originated in Philly
Phil Spector
had a #1 record as a member of the Teddy Bears ("To Know Him is to Love Him" composed and produced by him); record producer who came out w/ Phillies Records and who brought depth of meaning to the phrase "in charge" - the wall of sound
Phillies Records
helped establish a new and important model for the production and marketing of pop records; Phil Spector's record company
Wall of Sound
characteristic Phillies sound, remarkably dense and clear
teenage symphonies
very popular, more done in studio; large difference between live and recorded music
Gold Star studios
Spector' preferred recording venue in LA; studio musicians he worked with here became known as the "wrecking crew"
"wrecking crew"
the studio musicians with whom Spector worked with regularly at Gold Star Studios. Best known: Hal Blaine, drummer; Carol Kaye, bassist; Jack Nitzsche, aranger and percussionist
Berry Gordy
created his own songwriting-producing-marketing org.; created motown
motown
songwriting-producing-marketing org.; msot stunning success story in African American business history
Funk Brothers
Motown's sterling house band; assured the highest level of instrumental musicianship was always present to back up and inspire vocal artists
Brian Wilson
formed the Beach Boys; songwriter, arranger, producer, and composer, the guiding spirit in the BB when their artistic and commercial importance and influence were at a peak
the Beach Boys
bestselling American group of the 1960s; a teenage symphony, surf pop
second-generation rock 'n' rolller
one who acknowledges and relies on his predecessors in rock 'n' roll (by quoting/covering); also one who carves out new ground by creating a new sound with new lyrics
the Beatles
played at clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg before coming to America doing covers of Chuck Berry, Little Richard, Carl Perkins, and Buddy Holly; 1st album - Twist and Shout
British Invasion Bands
included the Stones, the Animals, the Who, the Kinks, and Clapton; succes of the others was short-lived
concept album
an album conceived as an integrated whole, with interrelated songs arranged in a deliberate sequence
Latin soul
fusion of rumba and mambo with black American pop music; pushed its way onto the pop charts in 1963; biggest hit: "Watermelon Man" by Ramon "Mongo" Santamaria
bossa nova
Portuguese for "new trend"; Brazilian genre w' mass popularity in the early 60s; a blend of samba rhythms, a sophisticated Brazilian tradition of song composition, and the west coast style of modern jazz
Ameriachi
Latin-American stream; very popular in the 60s; a hybrid of several styles, Mexican derived, full of stringed instruments and brass; i.e. "the Lonely Bull"