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Top 40 Radio
another attempt to control the uncertainty of the marketplace, composed a list of songs to play repeatedly
Billboard: a music trade journal
an advertisement that appeared in the music trade journal. first ratings of songs like the top 40
"R&B" and "Country & Western"
new terms used by Billboard as more dignified and up-to-date replacements for "Race" and "Hillbilly" respectively
first radio station dedicated exclusively to playing music for a black audience, featuring the popular blues musician and DJ BB King
rock 'n' roll
first used for commercial and generational purposes by DJ Alan Freed; derived from rocking and rolling (in R&B, often sexual implications), used to describe records
two versions of the same song sang by two different artists; often white artists covering a black artist's song, whites sold more
1st popular non-partner dance; teen-oriented rock n roll song in a 12-bar blues structure; celebrated a simple, hip-swiveling dance step that was gaining popularity among young blacks
hosted by Dick Clark; teen-oriented, nationally broadcast tv show that originated in Philly
had a #1 record as a member of the Teddy Bears ("To Know Him is to Love Him" composed and produced by him); record producer who came out w/ Phillies Records and who brought depth of meaning to the phrase "in charge" - the wall of sound
helped establish a new and important model for the production and marketing of pop records; Phil Spector's record company
very popular, more done in studio; large difference between live and recorded music
Gold Star studios
Spector' preferred recording venue in LA; studio musicians he worked with here became known as the "wrecking crew"
the studio musicians with whom Spector worked with regularly at Gold Star Studios. Best known: Hal Blaine, drummer; Carol Kaye, bassist; Jack Nitzsche, aranger and percussionist
songwriting-producing-marketing org.; msot stunning success story in African American business history
Motown's sterling house band; assured the highest level of instrumental musicianship was always present to back up and inspire vocal artists
formed the Beach Boys; songwriter, arranger, producer, and composer, the guiding spirit in the BB when their artistic and commercial importance and influence were at a peak
second-generation rock 'n' rolller
one who acknowledges and relies on his predecessors in rock 'n' roll (by quoting/covering); also one who carves out new ground by creating a new sound with new lyrics
played at clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg before coming to America doing covers of Chuck Berry, Little Richard, Carl Perkins, and Buddy Holly; 1st album - Twist and Shout
British Invasion Bands
included the Stones, the Animals, the Who, the Kinks, and Clapton; succes of the others was short-lived
an album conceived as an integrated whole, with interrelated songs arranged in a deliberate sequence
fusion of rumba and mambo with black American pop music; pushed its way onto the pop charts in 1963; biggest hit: "Watermelon Man" by Ramon "Mongo" Santamaria
Portuguese for "new trend"; Brazilian genre w' mass popularity in the early 60s; a blend of samba rhythms, a sophisticated Brazilian tradition of song composition, and the west coast style of modern jazz
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