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15 terms

Psych 100 Quiz 6 (PT2)

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The way in which you quickly group the individual letters in this test item into separate words best illustrates the principle of:
proximity
The lights along the runway were shrouded in such a thick fog that the pilot of an incoming plane nearly overshot the runway. The pilot was most likely misled by the distance cue known as:
relative clarity.
The ability to accurately perceive distances most clearly underlies our capacity for:
size constancy
The Moon illusion refers to our tendency to perceive the Moon as unusually
large when it is near the horizon
Rules for organizing stimuli into coherent groups were first identified by
Gestalt psychologists
Pedro recognized that his son was closer to him than his daughter because his son partially obstructed his view of his daughter. Pedro's perception was most clearly influenced by a distance cue known as:
interposition
Relative luminance most clearly contributes to
lightness constancy
People perceive an adult-child pair as looking more alike when told they are parent and child. This best illustrates the effect of
perceptual set
Once we have formed a wrong idea about reality, we have more difficulty seeing the truth. This best illustrates the impact of
top-down processing.
After hearing that Bryce had served a prison sentence, Janet began to perceive his friendly behavior as insincere and manipulative. This best illustrates the impact of
perceptual set
PsychSim: Vision Illusions: In the Müller-Lyer illusion, the arrowheads at the ends of the lines lead people tomisjudge the ________ of the two horizontal lines.
length
The Ponzo illusion illustrates that people judge the size of an object that people judge the size of an object in terms of its precieved?
distance
Jordan claims that with intense mental concentration, he can make objects float in mid-air. Jordan is claiming to possess the power of:
psychokinesis.
A neutral facial expression may be perceived as sadder at a funeral than at a circus. This best illustrates:
A context effect.
Psychics are unable to make millions of dollars betting on horse races. This undermines their claims to possess the power of:
precognition