Oceanography chapter 6
Terms in this set (51)
Atmosphere and ocean are one ___________ _______
Interdependent (connected) system
Solar energy creates what?
Earth's axis of rotation is tilted with respect to _______?
When the sun is directly over the equator
vernal (spring) equinox
When the sun is directly over tropic of cancer
when the sun is directly over the equator
when the sun is directly of tropic of capricorn
Equatorial regions get _____ heat
Polar regions get ______ heat
What is albedo?
In high latitudes, _____ heat is lost than gained. in low latitudes, ______ heat is lost than gained
We live in the _____
Warm air is _____ dense
Cool air is _____ dense
moist air is _____ dense
dry air is ______ dense
warm air can hole _______ water vapor
air always moves from regions of _____ to _____ pressure
high to low
Cool dense air..._____surface pressure
Warm less dense air...____surface pressure
Coriolis effect causes _____ in moving body
Earth rotates to the ____
Deflection is to the ____ in the northern hemisphere and to the ____ in the southern hemistphere
maximum coriolis effect at ______
no coriolis effect at _______
equator when something is moving east and west
Circulation cells as air changes density due to:
changes in air temperature and water vapor content
3 circulation cells
Hadley cells, ferrel cells, polar cells
Subtropical highs, polar highs, and clear skies are what?
High pressure zones
Equatorial low, subpolar low, and overcast skies with lots of precipitation are what?
Low pressure zones
What is the boundary between the trade winds?
What is the boundary between the trade winds and the prevailing westerlies?
What is the boundary between westerlies and polar easterlies?
Continents in winter usually develop _______ _________ _______
High pressure cells
The conditions of atmosphere at particular time and place
long-term average of weather
northern hemisphere winds move ________ around low pressure regions.....southern hemisphere winds move ________ around a low pressure region
Coastal winds ocean to land
coastal winds from land to ocean
air masses meet and storms typically develop at _______
Hurricanes ride the _____ from ____ to _____
trade winds. east. west.
Hurricanes run out of energy when they run over ______
a pile of water that forms because of the lower pressure
Rate of formation of sea ice depends on _______
Fragments of glaciers or shelf ice
Trace atmosphere gases absorb heat _____ from surface of earth
Green house gases depend on what 2 factors?
concentration and efficiency of turning into heat
greenhouse gases act on ___
reradiated longwave radiation
Kyoto Protocol 1997
Not a success
What do oceans absorb from the atmosphere?
CO2 is stored as
biogenous calcareous sediments and fossil fuels
Add ___ to tropical oceans to "fertilize" oceans
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