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20 terms

Physio Lab, Week 2

STUDY
PLAY
molecular motion
reflects the kinetic energy of molecules
velocity of molecular movement
is lower in larger molecules
observations of egg in distilled water
the egg gained weight because the concentration of the egg, 14%, is hypertonic to the water. Water moves by osmosis from an area of higher concentration into an area of lower water concentration
observation of egg in 30% sucrose
the egg lost weight because the concentration of the egg, 14% is hypotonic to the 30% sucrose solution. Water moves by osmosis from an area of higher water concentration into an area of lower water concentration
passive processes
1. account for the movement of fats and respiratory gases through the plasma membrane; 2. include osmosis, simple diffusion, and filtration; 3. use hydrostatic pressure or molecular energy as the driving force
active processes
1. explain solute pumping, phagocytosis, and pinocytosis; 2. may occur against concentration and/or electrical gradients; 3. move ions, amino acids, and some sugars across the plasma membrane
epithelium
1. lines body cavities and covers the body's external surface; 2. cells may absorb, secrete, filter; 3. synthesizes hormones;
muscle
1. pumps blood, flushes urine out of the body, allows one to swing a bat; 2. major function is to contract
nervous; muscle
transmits electrochemical impulses
connective
1. anchors, packages, and supports body organs; 2. the most durable tissue type; 3. abundant nonliving extracellular matrix; 4. most widespread tissue in the body
nervous
1. forms nerves and the brain; 2. most involved in regulating and controlling body functions
areolar connective tissue
composes basement membranes; a soft packaging tissue with a jellylike matrix
dense connective tissue
1. attaches bones to bones and muscles to bones; 2. the dermis of the skin
adipose connective tissue
1. acts as a storage depot for fat; 2. insulates against heat loss
fibrocartilage
makes up the intevertebral discs
osseous tissue
1. forms the hip bone; 2. matrix hard owing to calcium salts; 3. provides levers for muscles to act on
hyaline cartilage
1. forms the larynx, the costal cartilages of the ribs, and the embryonic skeleton; 2. firm, structurally amorphous matrix heavily invaded with fibers; 3. appears glassy and smooth
elastic cartilage
provides a flexible framework for the external ear
hypertonic solution
contains more nonpenetrating solute particles that the interior of the cell
hypotonic solution
contains fewer nonpenetrating solute particles than the interior of the cell