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26 terms

Elements of Literature

STUDY
PLAY
Plot
A casual squence of events- the "why for the things that happen in the story"
Exposition
Set-up of the story, background info, main character,setting, basic control
Rising Action
A series of problems,events moving toward the climax
Climax
Perk of the story main conflict, everything is about to change
Falling Action
Conflict unravels
Denouement
The end, story wrapped up
Setting
When and Where, the location of a story's actions, along with the time in which it occurs
Theme
The moral
Central idea
What is the lesson to be learned?
The author's/story's view about life and how people behave
Finding the Theme
What are details and particulars in the story
Character
Beings that act and are acted upon in a piece of literature
A. Their actions
B. Their speech
C. Their thoughts
D. Their looks
E.Author's direct comments to the reader (direct characterization)
F. Reaction's from other characters
(indirect characterization)
Character: Two main kinds
Stock or Flat- those who are phony, stereotyped, unreal, have only one main trait, not developed. AND......

Realistic or Round- those who are true to life and believable with many traits- faults as well as virtues.
Protagonist
Good guy
Antagonist
Bad guy
Direct Characterization
Tells what the character is exactly like
Indirect Characterization
Make own judgement to decide what the character is like based in evidence
The evidence
1. Hear the character speak
2. How the character looks
3. Listening to the character
4. How the character acts
5. See what others think of the character
External Conflict
man vs man
man vs society
man vs nature
man vs fate
Internal Conflict
man vs self
Foreshadowing
Clues that hint to events that will occur later in the story, a tool to grab the attention of the reader
Suspense
Anxiety the reader feels about what will happen next
Irony
Use of words to express meaning opposite to the literal meaning
Point of View
Who tells the story, how it is told, and what is told determine
First person objective
telling only actions
First person subjective
Telling actions, thoughts, and feelings
Third person subjective
Outside of the story telling only actions
Third person omniscient
(all knowing) narrtor outside of the story telling actions, thoughts, and feelings