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A casual squence of events- the "why for the things that happen in the story"


Set-up of the story, background info, main character,setting, basic control

Rising Action

A series of problems,events moving toward the climax


Perk of the story main conflict, everything is about to change

Falling Action

Conflict unravels


The end, story wrapped up


When and Where, the location of a story's actions, along with the time in which it occurs


The moral
Central idea
What is the lesson to be learned?
The author's/story's view about life and how people behave

Finding the Theme

What are details and particulars in the story


Beings that act and are acted upon in a piece of literature
A. Their actions
B. Their speech
C. Their thoughts
D. Their looks
E.Author's direct comments to the reader (direct characterization)
F. Reaction's from other characters
(indirect characterization)

Character: Two main kinds

Stock or Flat- those who are phony, stereotyped, unreal, have only one main trait, not developed. AND......

Realistic or Round- those who are true to life and believable with many traits- faults as well as virtues.


Good guy


Bad guy

Direct Characterization

Tells what the character is exactly like

Indirect Characterization

Make own judgement to decide what the character is like based in evidence

The evidence

1. Hear the character speak
2. How the character looks
3. Listening to the character
4. How the character acts
5. See what others think of the character

External Conflict

man vs man
man vs society
man vs nature
man vs fate

Internal Conflict

man vs self


Clues that hint to events that will occur later in the story, a tool to grab the attention of the reader


Anxiety the reader feels about what will happen next


Use of words to express meaning opposite to the literal meaning

Point of View

Who tells the story, how it is told, and what is told determine

First person objective

telling only actions

First person subjective

Telling actions, thoughts, and feelings

Third person subjective

Outside of the story telling only actions

Third person omniscient

(all knowing) narrtor outside of the story telling actions, thoughts, and feelings

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