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Wilmot Proviso

California territories of Utah and New Mexico closed to slavery forever


withdrawal from the Union

Clay and Webster

Supported and shaped compromise of 1850

underground railroad

aided fugitive slaves

Harriet Tubman

she helped escaped slaves

Uncle Tom's Cabin

story by Harriet Beecher Stowe about a slave

Fugitive Slave Act

the North did not agree with this

Kansas-Nebraska Act

gave Kansas and Nebraska the right to decide about slavery

Popular Sovereignty

right of residesnts to vote for or against slavery

Dred Scott Decision

ruled that slaves were property of owner no matter where they went

Know-Nothing Party

favored native born Americans over immigrants


natives formed the American Party (middle class Protestants)

Free Soil Party

opposed extension of slaves into new territories


southern farmers (political party)


organized by opponents of slavery in the territories (political party)

Josh Brown

against slavery and killed slave owners

Pottawatomie Creek Massacre

John Brown and followers killed slave owners

Raid on Harper's Ferry

southerns were afraid that the north was supporting slave uprising

Lincoln-Douglass Debates

Lincoln (Republican) and Douglass (Democrat) debated for Senate seat. Douglass won but split northern and southern democrats


why did the southerns rely so heavily on slavery?

Florida, south carolina, louisiana, virginia, tennessee, north carolina, georgia

states of the confederacy

Jefferson Davis

president of the confederacy


won the senate seat for Illinois over Lincoln


believed in laws against slavery


believed popular sovereignty would keep slavery out of the territories

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