Primaries and Caucuses Flashcards
Terms in this set (17)
What is the exploratory phase of running for office?
The phase where they assess the price (monetary, psychological, and personal toll) Candidates evaluate everything involving their campaign during this time.
What is the announcemnt phase of running for office?
Declares the candidates intentions and begings the primary phase of the campaign.
What are caucuses?
A closed meeting of party members in each state. At caucuses delegates select the party's choice for a presidential candidate. Local caucuses select members of the state party caucuses, who meet separately to select the candidate that the state will support.
What are the advantages of caucuses?
Only hard core party faithful who have the biggest stake in the outcome participate, cheaper than primary election; no polling or ballots, brings early exposure to both candidates and issues, still democratic as party members do vote; an extension of New England style town meeting.
What are the disadvantages of caucuses?
Relatively undemocratic because most voters, particulary independs are excluded. Elitist as only the party elite get to participate. Very small number of people chose that state's party nominee. Campaigning in Iowa, bc its the first caucus is very expensive.
What are primaries?
Special elections in which voters select candidates to be the party's nominee for president in the general election.
What are the advantages of a primary?
Most democratic as average registered voters chose the state's delegate to the party convention. Less elitist than caucuses. Brings early exposure to candidates.
What are the disadvantages of a primary?
Relatively expensive with regard to campaign and government administrative costs. Voting public usually doesn't pay much attention.
What is a closed primary?
A type of primary where voters may vote in this type of primary only if they are registered members of that party.
What are the advantages of a closed primary?
Relatively democratic as voters from that party go to the polls. Only loyal members of the party get to vote for the party's presidential nominee. Prevents the cross over vote, in which members of rival parties attend to vote for the weaker candidate and influence the election.
What are disadvantages of a closed primary?
Completely shuts out independents. Eliminates genuine crossover voting. Requires voters to declare their party affiliation when they register.
What is an open primary?
A registered voter may vote in any party primary regardless of his or her own party affiliation.
What are the advantages of an open primary?
Every registered voter can vote. Most democratic method for choosing nominess. Does not neccessite voters declaring party affiliation when they register to vote.
What are the disadvantages of an open primary?
Political parties lose their control. Opens door for potential foul play from opposing party. Voters aren't invested in the party get to select the delegates from that state.
What are blanket primaries?
A ype of open primary that allow voters to vote for candidates of more than one party on an office to office basis.
What are runoff primaries?
The highest two vote-getters in the direct primary run again, with the winner earning the right to run in the general election.
What is front-loading?
The phenomenon of states moving their primary or caucus dates forward to try and increase their influence in the nominating process.
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