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50 terms

Child's Play

A FACS (Family And Consumer Science) station on child care basically this is all you need to know about taking care of a kid-well, almost because they don't come with instruction manuals
STUDY
PLAY
prenatal
lasts 9 months, during which the unborn child develops within the mother
infancy
begins at birth and lasts about one year, most physical growth occurs during this period
toddler
early childhood, period during which the child begins to walk, includes ages 1-3
preschooler
middle childhood, includes from ages 3-5 (when the child enters school)
school age
later childhood, includes age 5-beginning of adolescence
childhood
starts when the child is about 1 and lasts until the ages of 11 or 12
adolescence
second fastest growing period, period between childhood and adulthood, starting from ages 12 or 13 and ending between ages 18-22, during which child assumes adult responsibilities
milestones
developmental tasks, called "firsts", that a child accomplishes
why every child is a unique indivual
they are all different and can accomplish and can accomplish tasks at different times in their life
3-6 months
when an infant can roll over
4-6 months
when an infant can sit up alone
7-9 months
when an infant can crawl
9-12 months
when an infant can pull itself up
5 areas in child development
intellectual, physical, emotional, social, moral
1-3 years
when a child learns to walk
3-5 years
when a child can dress him/herself
heredity & environment
the two main factors that influenc a child's development
why babies have fontanels on their heads
they are spots on their heads where the bones have not yet grown together
involuntary reflexes
movements you have no control over
head
what should be supported when holding a baby
warm it in a pan of warm water
how you should heat a baby bottle
the bottle could get too hot
why you shouldn't heat a bottle in a microwave
why a baby should burped after being fed a bottle
so the air bubbles get dislodged from the stomach
wash your hands thoroughly
what you should do after changing a diaper
crying
how babies communicate their needs and feelings
temper tantrum
when an upset child's actions turn into a screaming fit accompanied by crying, kicking, or dropping to the floor
3 ways to help handle a temper tantrum
remove the audience
remove the child from the audience
divert the child's attention
it's a powerful command from a parent
why "no" is an important word in a toddler's life
you can avoid the "no syndrome"
with some practice and fast thinking
share
what toddlers don't do well when playing with other children
they are attached to their parents
why toddlers sometimes make a fuss when their parents leave
parallel play
when toddlers engage in playing next to each other but not together
cooperative play
when preschoolers move from parallel play to playing with other children
teamwork
cooperation
considering others' feelings
three things school-age children learn
information you should find out when offered a babysitting job
the number and ages of the children
the time you will need to arrive
how long the parents plan to be gone
the rate of pay you will receive
how you can show you are a reliable babysitter
keeping a constant, careful eye on the children
keeping an accurate list of telephone messages
not allowing your friends to visit
not opening the door to strangers
possible choking foods
nuts, hot dogs, marshmallows, grapes, raw cherries, popcorn
positively
the way you speak to children
so you don't lower their self-esteem
why you should talk to children in a positive way
violence
threats
bribery
put-downs
four things you should never use when talking to children
role model
what you must remember you are when you talk to children
assess whether the injury is major or minor
what you should do first when a child has an injury
911
the number you should call if a child has a serious injury, there is an intruder, or any other emergency
call the child's parents
what you should do in all emergencies, big or small
"work"
playing is this for a child
it's a child's____________
2 things you should consider when selecting toys for children
make sure they are suitable for the age level
make sure they are in good condition and unbroken
toys for babies (examples)
soft, plastic rattles, plastic keys on a ring, soft, spongy balls, soft blocks
toys for toddlers (examples)
wooden/foam blocks, pull toys, garage with cars, large piece building sets, soft footballs or basketballs, picture books, shape sorters, simple puzzles
toys for preschoolers (examples)
memory games, building sets, puzzles, books, coloring books and crayons, dolls, trains and cars
how to child-proof a house
put baby-gates at the tops and bottoms of stairs
keep small items out of reach of infants
put safety covers on electrical outlets
put safety latches on cabinets and doors
make sure all toys are nontoxic and unbroken
keep dangerous items out of reach