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17 terms

frahistorych5vocab2partA

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Augustus
"the revered one"; Octavian renamed
imperator
Latin for emperor
praetorian guard
9000 men who guarded the person of the emperor
Varus and the Germans
German general that defeated Augustus
Senatorial
ruling class that needed to possess property worth 1 million sesterces
Equestrian
all Roman citizens who possessed property worth 900 sesterces; could hold office but not as important as senatorial
lower class
less power since assemblies powers were diminished; could gain wealth or hold low office in army to move up to equestrian
Julio-Claudian dynasty
4 successors to Augustus were related to his family or his wife's Livia
Nero
eliminated people he wanted including murdering his mother; extravagancies sparked a revolt of Roman legion; his guards deserted him and he committed suicide
"5 good emperors"
5 rulers known for tolerance and diplomacy
Trajan
one of good emperors that had program to assist poor parents in raising and educating children; Trajan built new forum
Hadrian
one of good emperors that built Panthenon; Hadrian fortified boundaries
Hadrian's Wall
Defensive wall 80 miles along northern Britain to keep Scots out of Roman Britain
Pax Romana
Roman peace
frontiers
Hadrian built fortifications along border with permanent bases behind the frontiers; defensive frontier policy
provinces
Provided many of the legionnaires for the Roman army and may of the emperors
trade, industry and agriculture
Trade increased especially with China, trade stimulated manufacturing; agriculture chief occupation of most people